NodeJS vs Ruby on Rails: Which is the Best for Web Development?

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This article originally appeared on TechMagic and has been republished with permission. Find out how to syndicate your content with Upwork.

It’s hard for startups to choose the right language for development. One of the biggest fights in the development world is between Node.JS and Ruby on Rails. So, who is the winner in this battle? If you asked this question 5 years ago, the answer would have been  Ruby, but time is changing and we have a new leader. Let’s have a look at Google trends:

image of Google Trends for RoR and Node

 

During the last 4 years, Node.JS has just smashed Ruby, and node continues to expand in the market. Now, let’s compare programming languages runtime.

image of benchmark runtime

 

As we can see from this graph, Ruby has the slowest runtime. Another factor is the quantity of jobs. The more jobs in the market the more demands on a particular language.

image of RoR and Node.js Job Trends

RUBY ON RAILS PROS

  • It is a flexible and IDE-friendly framework.
  • Database migrations. It will be easily portable to any platform.
  • Easy functions and manipulations.
  • It is consistent with structure and methodology.
  • The language is very powerful and expressive. It’s easy to express application logic in an intuitive way.
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RUBY ON RAILS CONS

  • Best programming skills are required so top-notch programmers with high pay are required.
  • Much trickier if making large projects.
  • Documentation is only for popular frameworks
  • More computing resources are required.
  • Performance. Rails can be slow, and this bubbles up to the experience of the end user.
  • Large stack frames. The fact that Rails has so many layers of abstraction makes debugging a pain.

NODE.JS PROS

  • Powerful underlying libraries. libuv, the library behind Node that handles non-blocking I/O, is super awesome and wicked fast.
  • Full stack. From HTTP server to templating engine, Node.JS is the whole package. Rails relies on something like Nginx or Apache with mod_rails (aka Passenger) in order to actually work.
  • High market demand and very popular in startups at this time.
  • Same language on client and server side.
  • Easy to monitor, deploy and support.
  • Page load is faster across the site. (Our tests showed that websites are usually 2 or 3 times faster with node.

NODE.JS CONS

  • Node is not suitable for processor intensive tasks.
  • Unstable API: The Node API has a habit of changing in backwards-incompatible ways from release to release, and frequent changes to your codebase are required to keep things running on the latest version. That said, things are supposed to be more stable since 0.2.0 has been released.
  • Because it’s new and very hot, there are fewer developers in market for node.js.

BIG COMPANIES ARE CHOOSING NODE.JS INSTEAD OF RUBY ON RAILS

When it comes to scalability you can’t compete with Node.JS. Because of this, these companies recently switched from Ruby on Rails to Node.js:

  • Netflix
  • The New York Times
  • PayPal
  • Medium
  • LinkedIn
  • Uber
  • Hapi

LINKEDIN CASE STUDY

LinkedIn replaced their back-end mobile infrastructure built on Ruby on Rails with Node.js some time ago for performance and scalability reasons. Node.js was eventually chosen providing a number of benefits:

  • Better performance, Node.js is being up to 20 times faster than Rails for certain scenarios
  • Using only 3 servers instead of 30, leaving room for a 10x traffic growth
  • Front-end JavaScript engineers could be used for back-end code, and the two teams were actually merged into one

CONCLUSION

Ruby On Rails is still a popular framework and it is loved by a lot of developers. However, the two biggest advantages of node.js. is that it’s javascript and that it’s event-driven architecture which makes it an awesome fit for mobile apps, chatting apps, or any apps that use rest services as a backend.

This story was submitted by TechMagic and does not constitute the views or opinions of Upwork.

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TechMagic is a development studio that helps established companies and startups in creating dedicated nearshore teams. Thanks to our strong focus on native mobile development… more