User Agreement

This User Agreement (this "Agreement") is a contract between you ("you" or "User") and Upwork Global Inc. ("Upwork", "we," or "us") and, to the extent expressly stated in this Agreement, our Affiliates Elance Escrow Corporation and Elance Limited. You must read, agree to, and accept all of the terms and conditions contained in this Agreement in order to use our website located at www.upwork.com, all affiliated websites owned and operated by us, our predecessors or successors in interest, or our Affiliates (collectively, the "Site"), all services, applications and tools that are accessible through the Site and all Upwork mobile applications that link to or reference this Agreement ("Site Services"), except the Freelancer Services, whether provided by us or our Affiliates. To the extent permitted by applicable law, Upwork may amend this Agreement without prior notice to you at any time by posting a revised version on the Site. Any revisions to this Agreement will take effect when posted on the Site unless otherwise stated. Your continued use of the Site or the Site Services after the effective date of a revised version of this Agreement constitutes your acceptance of its terms and agreement to be bound by its terms. This Agreement includes and hereby incorporates by reference the agreements and Site usage polices linked from https://www.upwork.com/info/terms or elsewhere on the Site, as such agreements and policies may be modified by Upwork from time to time in our sole discretion (collectively, the "Terms of Service"). In the event of a conflict between this Agreement and the other Terms of Service, this Agreement will control. Capitalized terms are defined throughout this Agreement and in Section 23 (Definitions).

YOU UNDERSTAND THAT BY USING THE SITE OR SITE SERVICES, YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THIS AGREEMENT. IF YOU DO NOT ACCEPT THIS AGREEMENT IN ITS ENTIRETY, YOU MUST NOT ACCESS OR USE THE SITE OR THE SITE SERVICES. IF YOU AGREE TO THIS AGREEMENT ON BEHALF OF AN ENTITY, YOU REPRESENT AND WARRANT THAT YOU HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO BIND THAT ENTITY TO THIS AGREEMENT. IN THAT EVENT, "YOU" AND "YOUR" WILL REFER AND APPLY TO THAT ENTITY.

1. DIGITAL SIGNATURE

By registering for an Upwork account on the Site (an "Account"), you are deemed to have executed this Agreement electronically, effective on the date you register your Account, pursuant to the U.S. Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (the E-Sign Act) (15 U.S.C. § 7001, et seq.). Your Account registration constitutes an acknowledgement that you are able to electronically receive, download, and print this Agreement.

2. CONSENT TO USE ELECTRONIC RECORDS

In connection with this Agreement, you may be entitled to receive certain records, such as contracts, notices, and communications, in writing. To facilitate your use of the Site, you give us permission to provide these records to you electronically instead of in paper form.

2.1 Your Consent and Your Right to Withdraw Consent

By registering for an Account, you consent to electronically receive and access, via email or the Site, all records and notices for the services provided to you under this Agreement that we would otherwise be required to provide to you in paper form. However, we reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to communicate with you via the U.S. Postal Service and other third-party mail services using the address under which your account is registered. Your consent to receive records and notices electronically will remain in effect until you withdraw it. You may withdraw your consent to receive further records and notices electronically at any time by contacting Customer Support. If you withdraw your consent to receive such records and notices electronically, we will revoke your access to the Site and the Site Services, and you will no longer be able to use the Site or the Site Services. Any withdrawal of your consent to receive records and notices electronically will be effective only after we have a reasonable period of time to process your request for withdrawal. Please note that your withdrawal of consent to receive records and notices electronically will not apply to records and notices electronically provided by us to you before the withdrawal of your consent becomes effective.

2.2 Keeping Your Email Address Current With Us

In order to ensure that we are able to provide records and notices to you electronically, you must notify us of any change in your email address by updating your Account information on the Site or by contacting Customer Support.

2.3 Hardware and Software You Will Need to Use the Site Services for Your Business

To access and retain the records and notices we provide to you electronically, you will need: (a) a valid email address; (b) a computer system that operates on a platform like Windows or Mac; (c) a connection to the Internet; (d) Current Versions of the software, browsers, plug-ins, or other computer applications and programs identified on the Site (Users utilizing other browsers may experience compatibility difficulties); (e) a Current Version of a program that accurately reads and displays PDF files, such as Adobe Acrobat Reader version 7 or higher; (f) a computer or device and an operating system capable of supporting all of the above; and (g) a printer to print out and retain records and notices in paper form or electronic storage to retain records and notices in an electronic form. By "Current Version," we mean a version of the software that is currently being supported by its publisher. We may change these requirements from time to time and will update this Agreement accordingly. You should retain a copy of all of the records and notices we send to you electronically.

By accepting and agreeing to this Agreement electronically, you represent that (x) you have read and understand the above consent to receive records and notices electronically; (y) you satisfy the minimum hardware and software requirements specified above; and (z) your consent will remain in effect until you withdraw your consent as specified above.

3. UPWORK ACCOUNTS

3.1 Account Eligibility

To use certain Site Services, you must register for an Account. Upwork offers the Site Services for your business purposes, and not for personal, household, or consumer use. Unless you use the Site solely as a team member and who is an employee of a registered agency, you must have, and hereby represent that you have, an independent business (whether it be as a self-employed individual/sole proprietor or as a corporation or other entity). To register for an Account, you must be and hereby represent that you are a legal entity or an individual 18 years or older who can form legally binding contracts. When you register for an Account, you also must agree to the terms of this Agreement. By registering for an Account, you agree to: (a) abide by this Agreement and the processes, procedures, and guidelines described on the Site; (b) be financially responsible for your use of the Site and the purchase and/or delivery of Freelancer Services; and (c) perform your obligations as specified by any Service Contract that you accept, unless such obligations are prohibited by applicable law or this Agreement. Upwork reserves the right, in our sole discretion, to refuse, suspend, or revoke your access to the Site and Site Services upon discovery that any information you provided on any form or posted on the Site is not true, accurate, or complete, or otherwise violates this Agreement, or for any other reason or no reason in Upwork''s sole discretion.

You represent that you are not: (x) a citizen or resident of a geographic area in which access or use of the Site is prohibited by applicable law, decree, regulation, treaty, or administrative act; (y) a citizen or resident of, or located in, a geographic area that is subject to U.S. or other sovereign country sanctions or embargoes; or (z) an individual, or an individual employed by or associated with an entity, identified on the U.S. Department of Commerce''s Denied Persons or Entity List, the U.S. Department of Treasury''s Specially Designated Nationals or Blocked Persons Lists, or the Department of State''s Debarred Parties List or otherwise ineligible to receive items subject to U.S. export control laws and regulations or other economic sanction rules of any sovereign nation.

3.2 Account Registration

You agree to provide true, accurate, and complete information on all registration and other forms you access on the Site or provide to us and to update your information to maintain its truthfulness, accuracy, and completeness. You must not provide false or misleading information about your location. You must not provide false or misleading information about your business or the services your business provides. You must not register for more than one Client Account and one Freelancer Account without express written permission from us (except that you may register as an Agency Freelancer of other Accounts as provided below). Solely for purposes of the foregoing sentence, "you" means you, any member of your immediate family, and any entity directly or indirectly controlled by you or any member of your immediate family.

3.3 Identity Verification

When you register for an Account and from time to time thereafter, your Account will be subject to verification, including, but not limited to, validation against third-party databases or the verification of one or more official government or legal documents that confirm your identity. You authorize Upwork, directly or through third parties, to make any inquiries necessary to validate your identity and confirm your ownership of your email address or financial accounts, subject to applicable law. Failure to provide us information about you and your business when requested is a violation of this Agreement.

3.4 Agency Accounts

You may create an account (an "Agency Account") through which other authorized Users ("Agency Members") may act on your behalf in the roles you assign. You may also grant certain account administration privileges to one or more Agency Members with account administration privileges for your Agency Account (each, a "Agency Account Administrator"). Except as otherwise required by applicable law, only the User who registered the Agency Account and the Agency Account Administrators can add or remove Agency Members to or from the Agency Account.

You must create a new Account and profile for each Agency Member. Each Agency Member must be a real person or legally recognized entity. Each Agency Member''s Account profile must contain the Agency Member''s real name and comply with all Terms of Service. Agency Members'' identities will be subject to verification.

You agree to grant access to the Agency Account and any related Agency Member only to Users authorized to act on your behalf and only in accordance with this Agreement. Additionally, you agree to be fully responsible and liable for any action of any Agency Member and any other User who uses the Agency Account, including Agency Account Administrators. You represent that your Agency Members have the authority to accept this Agreement on your behalf and to create a legally binding obligation on your behalf. You agree: (a) not to use any Account, Agency Member Account, username, or password of another User of the Site that you are not authorized to use, and (b) not to allow others who are not authorized to do so to use the Agency Account or any related Agency Member Account at any time.

Your Agency Account (including feedback) and username are transferable only upon Upwork''s approval, at Upwork''s sole discretion.

If any of your Agency Members'' profiles violate this Agreement, it may affect your ability to use the Site. Upwork has the right to revoke the membership privileges of an Agency and any or all Agency Members related to the Agency without warning if, in Upwork''s sole judgment, false or misleading information has been provided. Upon closure of an Agency Account, Upwork may close any or all related Accounts.

3.5 Usernames and Passwords

When you register for an Account, you will be asked to choose a username and password for the Account. Each User and any Agency Account Administrator will also be asked to choose the initial username and password for any Agency Account that is added to the Account (and can change the password for the Agency Account at any time).

You are entirely responsible for safeguarding and maintaining the confidentiality of your Account username and password. In addition, if you are a User who owns an Agency Account, or if you are an Agency Account Administrator, you agree to safeguard and maintain the confidentiality of all your Agency Account passwords. You authorize Upwork to assume that any person using the Site with your username and password or your Agency Account passwords, and the username of any Agency Account added by an Agency Account Administrator (if any) either is you or is authorized to act for you. You agree to notify us immediately if you suspect or become aware of any unauthorized use of your account (or any related Agency Account) or any unauthorized access to your password or the password of any User of your Account (or any related Agency Account).

3.6 Marketplace Feedback

For the benefit of other Users of the marketplace, Upwork encourages you to leave objective balanced feedback about Users with whom you have transacted. You acknowledge and agree that feedback results for you will consist of comments and ratings left by other Users and that Upwork will make available to other marketplace Users a composite feedback number based on these individual ratings. Upwork provides its feedback system as a means through which Users can share their opinions publicly and Upwork does not monitor or censor these opinions. Upwork does not investigate any remarks posted by Users for accuracy or reliability unless a User requests that Upwork do so. You may be held legally responsible for damages suffered by other Users or third parties as a result of your remarks if a court finds that your remarks are legally actionable or defamatory. Upwork is not legally responsible for any feedback or comments posted or made available on the Site by any Users or third parties, even if that information is defamatory or otherwise legally actionable. In order to protect the integrity of the feedback system and protect Users from abuse, Upwork reserves the right (but is under no obligation) to remove posted feedback or information that in Upwork''s sole judgment violates the Terms of Service or negatively affects our marketplace community or operations.

4. PURPOSE OF THE SITE AND SITE SERVICES

The Site is a marketplace where Clients and Freelancers can identify each other and buy and sell Freelancer Services online. Subject to the terms of this Agreement, Upwork provides the Site Services to Clients and Freelancers, including hosting and maintaining the Site, enabling the formation of Service Contracts between Clients and Freelancers, and managing disputes related to those Service Contracts. If a Client and Freelancer agree on terms of the Freelancer Services, a Service Contract is formed directly between such Client and Freelancer, subject to the provisions set forth in Section 5 (Relationship Between Client and Freelancer). When a Client and Freelancer enter a Service Contract, they use the Site to engage or hire, communicate, and pay online.

4.1 ESCROW ACCOUNTS

Upwork Affiliate, Elance Escrow Corporation ("EEC"), provides Escrow Services to Clients and Freelancers to deliver, hold, or receive payment for an Engagement, and to make payments to Upwork. EEC is a licensed Internet escrow agent and holds California Department of Business Oversight License No. 963 5086. The Escrow Services are intended for business use, so you agree to use the Escrow Services for business purposes and not for consumer, personal, family, or household purposes.

Depending on your needs and the instructions provided to Upwork, EEC will establish and maintain one of three different types of Escrow Accounts:

(a)     Client Escrow Account. After entering into a Service Contract with a Freelancer, the first time a Client makes a payment for an Engagement, EEC will establish and maintain a "Client Escrow Account" to hold funds for the Client to use to make payments for Engagements, to receive refunds in connection with Engagements, and to make payments to Upwork.

(b)     Freelancer Escrow Account. After entering into a Service Contract with a Client, the first time Freelancer uses the Site to receive payment for an Engagement, EEC will establish and maintain a "Freelancer Escrow Account" for the Freelancer to receive payments for Engagements, withdraw payments, make monthly membership payments to Upwork, and issue refunds to Clients.

(c)     Fixed Price Escrow Account. When you enter into a Service Contract for a Fixed Price Engagement, EEC will establish and maintain a "Fixed Price Escrow Account" to receive, hold, and release payments pursuant to the Fixed Price Escrow Instructions for the Engagement that is the subject of that Service Contract.

You hereby authorize and instruct EEC to act as escrow agent in connection with the Escrow Accounts and the payment, holding, and receipt of funds for each Engagement and other specified purposes (the "Escrow") in accordance with this Agreement and the applicable Escrow Instructions.

5. CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CLIENT AND FREELANCER

5.1 Service Contracts

You acknowledge and agree that when a Freelancer accepts an Engagement awarded by a Client, the Client and the Freelancer will be deemed to have entered into a Service Contract with each other that is comprised of the following agreements (as applicable): (a) The Fixed Price Escrow Instructions; (b) Hourly, Bonus and Expense Reimbursement Payment Agreement with Escrow Instructions; (c) the Engagement terms awarded and accepted on the Site to the extent that the terms do not and do not purport to expand Upwork''s obligations or restrict Upwork''s rights under this Agreement; and (d) any other contractual provisions accepted by both the Client and the Freelancer, to the extent that the provisions do not and do not purport to expand Upwork''s obligations or restrict Upwork''s rights under this Agreement. You acknowledge and agree that the formation of a Service Contract between a Client and a Freelancer will not, under any circumstance, create an employment relationship between Upwork and the Freelancer.

5.2 Payment Agreements and Escrow Instructions

Fixed Price Engagements. If a Client and a Freelancer choose fixed price compensation, then the Client and Freelancer agree that they will be bound by, and EEC will follow, the Fixed Price Escrow Instructions.

Hourly Engagements, Bonus Payments, or Expense Reimbursement payments. If a Client and a Freelancer choose hourly compensation, and/or if the Client makes bonus or expense reimbursement payments to the Freelancer, then the Client and Freelancer agree that they will be bound by, and EEC will follow, the Hourly, Bonus and Expense Reimbursement Payment Agreement with Escrow Instructions.

6. PAYMENT TERMS

6.1 Service Fee

When a Client pays a Freelancer, or when funds related to an Engagement are otherwise released to a Freelancer as required by the applicable Escrow Instructions, EEC will credit the Freelancer Escrow Account and then deduct and disburse to Upwork a 10% service fee that Upwork earns and Freelancer agrees to pay Upwork for creating, hosting, maintaining, and providing the Site and Site Services (the "Service Fee"). If Freelancer elects disbursement in foreign currency, EEC will add Upwork''s conversion fee of 1.5% to the spot rate quoted by its foreign exchange vendor and credit that amount to Upwork.

6.2 Membership Fees

Freelancers will subscribe to different levels of participation and privileges on the Site, by payment of subscription fees as described here, as may be revised from time to time upon such notice as may be appropriate, and subject to the Freelancer Membership Policy.

6.3 No Fee for Introducing or for Finding Engagements

Upwork does not introduce Clients to Freelancers and does not help Freelancers secure Engagements. Upwork merely makes the Site Services available to enable Freelancers to do so themselves. Therefore, Upwork does not charge a fee when a Freelancer finds a suitable Client or finds an Engagement. However, Client and a Freelancer are obligated to use the Site to pay and receive payment for their work together if they identified each other through the Site, as detailed in Section 7 (Non-Circumvention), below.

6.4 Disbursements to Freelancers

Under the relevant Escrow Instructions, EEC automatically disburses funds that are payable to Freelancer under the Service Contract for the Engagement (less any applicable Upwork fees) to Freelancers (according to Freelancer''s payment instructions provided to Upwork) within 90 days after the Freelancer Fees are due and payable from Client (or for amounts less than $100, within 180 days after the Freelancer Fees are due and payable from Client). Freelancer agrees that it will not receive interest or other earnings on the funds held by EEC prior to disbursement to Freelancer.

For Hourly Rate Contracts, funds become payable to Freelancers following the expiration of the dispute period and the security period. For Fixed Price Contracts, the Freelancer Fees become payable to Freelancers following the expiration of the security period. The security period begins after Client accepts work submitted by Freelancer by clicking the Make a Payment button.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement or the Escrow Instructions, and except as prohibited by applicable law, if we determine in our sole discretion that you have violated the conditions and restrictions of the Site or this Agreement, EEC may hold the disbursement of the Freelancer Fees. Additionally, EEC may also hold the disbursement of the Freelancer Fees if: (a) we require additional information, such as Freelancer''s tax information, government-issued identification, address, or date of birth; (b) we have reason to believe the Freelancer Fees may be subject to dispute or chargeback; (c) we suspect fraud; (d) we believe there are reasonable grounds for insecurity with respect to the performance of obligations under a Service Contract, this Agreement, or other Terms of Service; (e) we deem necessary in connection with any investigation; or (f) required by applicable law.

In cases of fraud, abuse, or violation of this Agreement, Upwork reserves the right to revoke any payments and instruct EEC to (and EEC will have the right to) hold and/or reclaim from EEC all Freelancer Fees due to Freelancer (not just the Freelancer Fees from the Service Contract(s) under investigation). In addition, we reserve the right to seek reimbursement from you, and you will reimburse us, if we suspect fraud or criminal activity associated with your payment, withdrawal, or Engagement; if we discover erroneous or duplicate transactions; or if we have supplied our services in accordance with this Agreement yet we receive any chargeback from the credit card company, bank, PayPal or other payment method as used by you, or as used by your Client if you are a Freelancer. You agree that we have the right to obtain such reimbursement by instructing EEC to (and EEC will have the right to) charge an applicable Escrow Account, and any other accounts you hold with us, offsetting any amounts determined to be owing, deducting amounts from future payments or withdrawals, charging your credit card, or obtaining reimbursement from you by any other lawful means. Failure to pay for reimbursements of chargebacks is cause for termination of the applicable Escrow Account.

6.5 Non-payment

If Client fails to pay the Freelancer Fees or any other amounts due under this Agreement, whether by cancelling Client''s credit or debit card, initiating an improper chargeback, or any other means, Upwork may suspend or close Client''s Account and revoke Client''s access to the Site, including Client''s ability to use the Site to process any additional payments or obtain any additional Freelancer Services. Without limiting other available remedies, Client must pay Upwork upon demand for amounts owed under this Agreement, plus interest on the outstanding amount at the lesser of one and one-half percent (1.5%) per month or the maximum interest allowed by applicable law, plus attorneys'' fees and other costs of collection to the extent permitted by applicable law. To the extent permitted by applicable law, Upwork or EEC, at our discretion, may set off amounts due against other amounts received from or held by Upwork or EEC for Client, make appropriate reports to credit reporting agencies and law enforcement authorities, and cooperate with credit reporting agencies and law enforcement authorities in any resulting investigation or prosecution.

6.6 No Return of Funds

Client acknowledges and agrees that EEC will charge Client''s designated Payment Method for the Freelancer Fees: (a) for Fixed Price Contracts, upon Client''s acceptance of the Freelancer Services, and (b) for Hourly Rate Contacts, on the Monday after the week in which work was performed. Therefore, and in consideration of the Site Services provided by Upwork and the escrow services provided by EEC, Client agrees that once EEC charges Client''s designated Payment Method for the Freelancer Fees as provided in this Agreement, the charge is non-refundable, except as otherwise required by applicable law. Client also acknowledges and agrees that this Agreement provides a dispute resolution process as a way for Client resolve disputes. To the extent permitted by applicable law, Client therefore agrees not to ask its credit card company, bank, or other Payment Method provider to charge back any Freelancer Fees or other Fees charged pursuant to this Agreement for any reason. A chargeback in breach of the foregoing obligation is a material breach of this Agreement. If Client initiates a chargeback in violation of this Agreement, Client agrees that Upwork or EEC may dispute or appeal the chargeback and institute collection action against Client.

6.7 Formal Invoices and Taxes

Upwork will have no responsibility for determining the necessity of or for issuing any formal invoices, or for determining, remitting, or withholding any taxes applicable to the Freelancer Fees. Freelancer will be solely responsible for determining whether it is required by applicable law to issue any formal invoices for the Freelancer Fees and for issuing any invoices so required. Freelancer will also be solely responsible for determining whether: (a) Freelancer or Upwork is required by applicable law to remit to the appropriate authorities any value added tax or any other taxes or similar charges applicable to the Freelancer Fees and remitting any such taxes or charges to the appropriate authorities on behalf of itself or Upwork, as appropriate; and (b) Upwork is required by applicable law to withhold any amount of the Freelancer Fees and for notifying Upwork of any such requirement and indemnifying Upwork (either by Upwork, at our sole discretion, offsetting the relevant amount against a future payment of Freelancer Fees to Freelancer or Freelancer reimbursing Upwork for the applicable amount) for any requirement to pay any withholding amount to the appropriate authorities (including penalties and interest). In the event of an audit of Upwork, Freelancer agrees to promptly cooperate with Upwork and provide copies of Freelancer''s tax returns and other documents as may be reasonably requested for purposes of such audit, including but not limited to records showing Freelancer is engaging in an independent business as represented to Upwork.

6.8 Payment Methods

In order to use certain Site Services, Client must provide account information for at least one valid Payment Method. The Site makes the following methods of payment available: credit cards, debit cards, and PayPal.

Client hereby authorizes Upwork and its Affiliates EEC and Elance Limited to run credit card authorizations on all credit cards provided by Client, to store credit card and banking details as Client''s method of payment for Services, and to charge Client''s credit card (or any other form of payment authorized by Upwork or mutually agreed to between Client and Upwork). Credit cards and PayPal accounts in most countries will be charged by EEC. Notwithstanding the foregoing, credit cards and PayPal accounts in Australia, Canada, the Eurozone, and the United Kingdom will be charged by Elance Limited, an Ireland registered company which is an Affiliate of Upwork. Upwork, EEC, and Elance Limited may, in their sole discretion, deviate from its typical billing cycle for Hourly Rate Contracts and charge Client for any and all Time Logs at any time.

When Client authorizes the payment of the Freelancer Fees for a Fixed Price Contract on the Site, Client automatically and irrevocably authorizes and instructs EEC or Elance Limited to charge Client''s Payment Method for the Freelancer Fees. When Client approves or is deemed to have approved a Time Log for an Hourly Rate Contract, Client automatically and irrevocably authorizes and instructs EEC or Elance Limited to charge Client''s Payment Method for the Freelancer Fees. EEC and Elance Limited may, in their sole discretion or upon instructions from Upwork, deviate from the typical billing cycle for Hourly Rate Contracts and charge Client for any and all Time Logs at any time.

By providing Payment Method information through the Site, Client represents, warrants, and covenants that: (a) Client is legally authorized to provide such information to us; (b) Client is legally authorized to perform payments using the Payment Method(s); and (c) such action does not violate the terms and conditions applicable to Client''s use of such Payment Method(s) or applicable law. When Client authorizes a payment using a Payment Method via the Site, Client represents, warrants, and covenants that there are sufficient funds or credit available to complete the payment using the designated Payment Method. To the extent that any amounts owed under this Agreement cannot be collected from Client''s Payment Method(s), Client is solely responsible for paying such amounts by other means.

We reserve the right to seek reimbursement from you, and you will reimburse us, if we suspect fraud or criminal activity associated with your payment, withdrawal, or Engagement, if we discover erroneous or duplicate transactions, or if we have supplied our services in accordance with this Agreement yet we receive any chargeback from the credit card company, bank, PayPal or other payment method as used by you, or as used by your Client if you are a Freelancer. You agree that we have the right to obtain such reimbursement by instructing EEC to (and EEC will have the right to) charge an applicable Escrow Account, and any other accounts you hold with us, offsetting any amounts determined to be owing, deducting amounts from future payments or withdrawals, charging your credit card, or obtaining reimbursement from you by any other lawful means. Failure to pay for reimbursements of chargebacks is cause for termination of the applicable Escrow Account.

6.9 US Dollars and Foreign Currency Conversion

The Site and the Site Services operate in US Dollars. If Client''s Payment Method is denominated in a currency other than US Dollars and requires currency conversion to pay the Escrow or other payments in US Dollars, the Site may display foreign currency conversion rates Upwork, EEC or other Affiliates currently make available to convert supported foreign currencies to US Dollars. These foreign currency conversion rates adjust regularly based on market conditions. Please note that the wholesale currency conversion rates at which we obtain foreign currency will usually be different than the foreign currency conversion rates offered on the Site. Client, at its sole discretion and risk, may authorize the charge of its Payment Method in a supported foreign currency and the conversion of the payment to US Dollars at the foreign currency conversion rate displayed on the Site. A list of supported foreign currencies is available on the Site. If foreign currency conversion is required to make a payment in US Dollars and either Upwork, EEC, or another Affiliate does not support the foreign currency or Client does not authorize the conversion of such payment at the foreign currency conversion rate displayed on the Site, EEC or an Affiliate will charge Client''s Payment Method in US Dollars and Client''s Payment Method provider will convert the payment at a foreign currency conversion rate selected by Client''s Payment Method provider. Client''s Payment Method provider may also charge fees directly to the Payment Method used to fund a cross-border payment even when no currency conversion is involved. Client''s authorization of a payment using a foreign currency conversion rate displayed on the Site is at Client''s sole risk. We are not responsible for currency fluctuations that occur when billing or crediting a Payment Method denominated in a currency other than US Dollars. We are not responsible for currency fluctuations that occur when receiving or sending payments via wire transfer, check or automated clearinghouse to and from the Escrow Account.

6.10 Limited Payment Protection

In the rare event that a Freelancer''s Client does not make payment for legitimate services performed by a Freelancer, Upwork will provide limited payment protection to the Freelancer as detailed in this Section 6.10 ("Payment Protection") as a membership benefit to foster fairness, reward loyalty, and encourage the Freelancer to continue to use the Site Services for their business needs.

Upwork only provides Payment Protection to Freelancers working on Hourly Rate Contracts and only if all of the following criteria are met: (a) Client has a verified Payment Method, (b) the time represented is captured online using the Upwork Team Software, (c) the Freelancer Services performed and recorded in the Time Log pertain directly to the Service Contract, and (d) each Time Log is annotated with descriptions of the Freelancer Services performed, demonstrating Service Contract compliance. Upwork determines whether the foregoing criteria have been met at our sole discretion. Without limiting the foregoing, Payment Protection does not apply to: (x) Freelancers or Service Contracts in violation of this Agreement, (y) Freelancers that are aware of or complicit in another User''s violation of this Agreement, or (z) suspected (in Upwork''s sole discretion) or actual fraudulent activities or abuse of this Payment Protection.

7. Non-Circumvention

You acknowledge and agree that a substantial portion of the compensation Upwork receives for making the Site available to you is collected as a deduction of the Service Fee described in Section 6.1 (Service Fee.) Upwork only deducts this Service Fee when a Client and a Freelancer pay and receive payment through the Site. Therefore, for 24 months from the time you identify or are identified by any party through the Site (the "Non-Circumvention Period"), you must use the Site as your exclusive method to request, make, and receive all payments for work directly or indirectly with that party or arising out of your relationship with that party (the "Upwork Relationship"). You may opt-out of this obligation only if Client or prospective Client or Freelancer pays Upwork an "Opt-Out Fee" computed to be the greater of the following amounts:

  1. $2,500; or
  2. 15% of the cost to the Client of the services to be performed in the Upwork Relationship during the Non-Circumvention Period, as estimated in good faith by the prospective Client; or
  3. all Service Fees that would be earned by Upwork from the Upwork Relationship during the Non-Circumvention Period, computed based on the annualized amount earned by Freelancer from Client during the most recent normalized 8-week period, or during such shorter period as data is available to Upwork;

and, in any case, plus interest at the rate of 18% per annum or the maximum rate permitted by applicable law, whichever is less, calculated from the date Client first makes payment to the subject Freelancer until the date the Opt-Out Fee is paid.

To pay the Opt-Out Fee, you must request instructions by sending an email message to optoutfee@upwork.com.

Non-Circumvention. You agree not to circumvent the Payment Methods offered by the Site. By way of illustration and not in limitation of the foregoing, you must not:

  • Submit proposals or solicit parties identified through the Site to contact, hire, work with, or pay outside the Site.
  • Accept proposals or solicit parties identified through the Site to contact, deliver services, invoice, or receive payment outside the Site.
  • Invoice or report on the Site or in an Opt-Out Fee request an invoice or payment amount lower than that actually agreed between Client and Freelancer.
    • You agree to notify Upwork immediately if another person improperly contacts you or suggests making or receiving payments outside of the Site. If you are aware of a breach or potential breach of this non-circumvention agreement, please submit a confidential report to Upwork by sending an email message to: policy-reports@upwork.com.

8. SERVICE CONTRACT TERMS BETWEEN CLIENT AND FREELANCER

Unless otherwise agreed to in a writing signed by both Client and Freelancer and except for Service Contracts classified as employment relationships, the terms and conditions of the Service Contract that a Freelancer enters directly with a Client when the Freelancer agrees to provide Services to the Client are as set forth in this Section. Client and Freelancer may not agree to any other terms and conditions that affect the rights or responsibilities of Upwork. Upwork is not a party to any Service Contract between Users, except as a third-party beneficiary as described further below.

8.1 Services

Freelancer will perform the Freelancer Services in a professional and workmanlike manner and will timely deliver any agreed upon Work Product. The manner and means of performing the Freelancer Services will be determined and controlled by Freelancer.

8.2 Agency

Work performed under Hourly Rate Contracts under a Freelancer''s Account must be performed by the Freelancer that has the Account. If Freelancer wishes to employ or subcontract with third parties to perform Freelancer Services on behalf of Freelancer, Freelancer represents and warrants that it does so as a legally recognized entity or person and in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations pertaining to hire and/or contract employees and/or independent contractors (an "Agency"). Freelancer and Agency agree and acknowledge that Agency''s employees and independent contractors are not employees of Upwork or Client. As between Upwork and Freelancer, Freelancer agrees that Upwork has no responsibility for any wages, costs, unemployment insurance, workers'' compensation insurance, and expenses of Agency''s employees and independent contractors and that Upwork has no obligation to, and will not, supervise or control them. Freelancer represents, warrants, and covenants that Agency acknowledges and agrees that: (a) Agency is solely responsible for all wages, costs, unemployment insurance, workers'' compensation insurance, contributions, and expenses of Agency''s employees and independent contractors and has the sole and exclusive right to supervise and control them, and (b) neither Agency, nor any of its employees, independent contractors or agents, will have any claim under this Agreement for overtime pay, sick leave, holiday or vacation pay, retirement benefits, worker''s compensation benefits, unemployment benefits, contributions, or any other employee benefits of any kind from Upwork or Client.

8.3 Client Payments and Billing

For Hourly Rate Contracts, Client is billed for Freelancer Fees on a weekly basis. For Fixed Price Contracts, Client is billed immediately upon sending an offer.

8.4 Dispute Resolution

You agree to abide by the Dispute Resolution Policy as stated in the Escrow Instructions that apply to your particular Service Contract.

8.5 Termination of a Service Contract

Under Hourly Rate Contracts, either Client or Freelancer has the right to terminate the Service Contract after providing any required notice, or immediately on the end date specified in the Service Contract terms and/or upon completion of the Freelancer Services, in the event of a material breach, or with the consent of the other party. Except as required by law, Client remains obligated to pay the Freelancer Fees for any Freelancer Services provided prior to termination of the Hourly Rate Contract.

Under Fixed Price Contracts, once a Client''s Payment Method has been charged to fund the escrow account for the Engagement, absent a full refund to Client by Freelancer, the Service Contract does not terminate until the Freelancer Services are completed. However, either Client or Freelancer has the right to terminate a Fixed Price Contract at any time with the consent of the other party or in the event of a material breach. If a Fixed Price Contract is terminated, Client does not have the right to recover any payments already released to Freelancer from the escrow account for the Engagement.

8.6 Intellectual Property Rights

Certain Defined Terms

The following capitalized terms have the following meanings:

"Background Technology" means all Inventions developed by Freelancer other than in the course of providing Freelancer Services to Client under the Service Contract and all Inventions that Freelancer incorporates into Work Product.

"Client Materials" means requests, intellectual property, and any other information or materials that Client provides to Freelancer for a Service Contract.

"Invention" means any ideas, concepts, information, materials, processes, data, programs, know-how, improvements, discoveries, developments, designs, artwork, formulae, other copyrightable works, and techniques and all Intellectual Property Rights therein.

Background Technology

Freelancer will disclose in the Engagement Terms any Background Technology which Freelancer proposes to incorporate into Work Product or upon which use or distribution of the Work Product will depend. If Freelancer discloses no Background Technology, Freelancer warrants that it will not incorporate any Background Technology into Work Product provided pursuant thereto. Freelancer will separately provide, with each delivery of Work Product to Client, a third-party bill of materials that identifies all Background Technology and other third-party materials that have been incorporated into the Work Product and provides, for each item of Background Technology identified, (a) the name and any associated version number, (b) the applicable license or licensing terms, (c) whether the item has been modified by Freelancer, and (d) how the item has been incorporated into, is used by, or is relied upon by the Work Product. Notwithstanding the foregoing, unless otherwise agreed in the Engagement Terms, Freelancer agrees that it will not incorporate into Work Product or otherwise deliver to Client any software code for which the use or distribution of the code will create (or purport to create) obligations for Client to grant any rights or immunities under Client intellectual property to a third-party, including without limitation any obligation that the Work Product or Client software combined with, derived from, or distributed with such Work Product (x) be disclosed or distributed in source code form, (y) be licensed for the purpose of making derivative works, or (z) be redistributable at no charge.

License to Background Technology

Upon Freelancer''s receipt of payment from Client, Freelancer hereby automatically grants to Client a non-exclusive, perpetual, fully-paid and royalty-free, irrevocable and worldwide right, with rights to sublicense through multiple levels of sublicensees, to reproduce, make derivative works of, distribute, publicly perform, and publicly display in any form or medium, whether now known or later developed, make, have made, use, sell, import, offer for sale, and exercise any and all present or future rights in the Background Technology incorporated or used in Work Product.

Client Materials

Client grants Freelancer a limited, non-exclusive, revocable (at any time, at Client''s sole discretion) right to use the Client Materials as necessary solely for the performance of the Freelancer Services under the applicable Service Contract. Client reserves all other rights and interest, including, without limitation, all Intellectual Property Rights, in and to the Client Materials. Upon completion or termination of the Service Contract, or upon Client''s written request, Freelancer will immediately return all Client Materials to Client and further agrees to destroy all copies of Client Materials and Deliverables (except for Background Technology as permitted by the Service Contract) contained in or on Freelancer''s premises, systems, or any other equipment or location otherwise under Freelancer''s control. Within ten days of such request from Client, Freelancer agrees to provide written certification to Client that Freelancer has returned or destroyed all Client Materials and Work Product as provided in this subsection.

Ownership of Work Product and Intellectual Property

Upon Freelancer''s receipt of full payment from Client, the Work Product, including without limitation all Intellectual Property Rights in the Work Product, will be the sole and exclusive property of Client, and Client will be deemed to be the author thereof. If Freelancer has any Intellectual Property Rights to the Work Product that are not owned by Client upon Freelancer''s receipt of payment from Client, Freelancer hereby automatically irrevocably assigns to Client all right, title and interest worldwide in and to such Intellectual Property Rights. Except as set forth above, Freelancer retains no rights to use, and will not challenge the validity of Client''s ownership in, such Intellectual Property Rights. Freelancer hereby waives any moral rights, rights of paternity, integrity, disclosure and withdrawal or inalienable rights under applicable law in and to the Work Product.

License to or Waiver of Other Rights

If Freelancer has any right to the Work Product, including without limitation any Intellectual Property Right, that cannot be assigned to Client by Freelancer, Freelancer hereby automatically, upon Freelancer''s receipt of full payment from Client, unconditionally and irrevocably grants to Client during the term of such rights, an exclusive, even as to Freelancer, irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide, fully-paid and royalty-free license to such rights, with rights to sublicense through multiple levels of sublicensees, to reproduce, make derivative works of, distribute, publicly perform and publicly display in any form or medium, whether now known or later developed, make, use, sell, import, offer for sale and exercise any and all such rights. If Freelancer has any rights to such Work Product that cannot be assigned or licensed, Freelancer hereby automatically, upon Freelancer''s receipt of payment from Client, unconditionally and irrevocably waives the enforcement of such rights, and all claims and causes of action of any kind against Client or related to Client''s customers, with respect to such rights, and will, at Client''s request and expense, consent to and join in any action to enforce such rights.

Assistance

Freelancer will assist Client in every way, including by signing any documents or instruments reasonably required, both during and after the term of the Service Contract, to obtain and enforce Intellectual Property Rights relating to Work Product in all countries. In the event Client is unable, after reasonable effort, to secure Freelancer''s signature on any document needed in connection with the foregoing, Freelancer hereby designates and appoints Client and its duly authorized officers and agents as its agent and attorney in fact to act on its behalf to further the purposes of this Section with the same legal force and effect as if executed by Freelancer.

8.7 Worker Classification

Client assumes all liability for determining whether Freelancers are independent contractors or employees and engaging them accordingly; Upwork disclaims any liability for such determination or the related Engagement. This Agreement does not create a partnership or agency relationship between Client and Freelancer. Freelancer does not have authority to enter into written or oral (whether implied or express) contracts on behalf of Upwork or Client. For Service Contracts classified as independent contractor relationships, Client may not require an exclusive relationship between Client and Freelancer. A Freelancer classified as independent contractor is free at all times to provide Freelancer Services to persons or businesses other than Client, including any competitor of Client.

For Service Contracts classified as employment relationships, Freelancer and Client will sign up for and participate in the payroll program made available on the Site by a third-party provider and will enter into appropriate employment-related agreements before work begins. For employment services and all applicable legal purposes, the employer of the Freelancer will be the third-party provider and not Upwork under any circumstances. Freelancer is responsible for accurately recording Freelancer''s work hours on the platform. By completing and/or submitting a Time Log, Freelancer verifies that the hours worked reflected in the Time Log are accurately recorded, including but not limited to any overtime hours, and waives any right to recover damages from Upwork for any unpaid wages, including but not limited to overtime wages, not accurately reflected in the Time Log.

9. Records of Compliance

Client and Freelancer will each (1) create and maintain records to document satisfaction of their respective obligations under this Agreement and any Service Contract, including, without limitation, their respective payment obligations and compliance with tax and employment laws, and (2) provide copies of such records to Upwork upon request. Nothing in this subsection will be construed as requiring Upwork to supervise or monitor a User''s compliance with this Agreement, the other Terms of Service, or a Service Contract.

10. Relationship with Upwork

Upwork is not a party to the dealings between Client and Freelancer, including posts, proposals, screening selection, contracting, and performance of Freelancer Services. Upwork does not introduce Freelancers to Clients or help Freelancers find Engagements. Upwork merely makes the Site Services available to enable Freelancers to identify and determine the suitability of Clients for themselves and to enable Clients to identify and determine the suitability of Freelancers for themselves. Upwork does not, in any way, supervise, direct, or control Freelancer or Freelancer''s work. Upwork does not set Freelancer''s work hours, work schedules, or location of work, nor is Upwork involved in determining if the Freelancer Fees will be set at an hourly or fixed rate for a Service Contract. Upwork will not provide Freelancer with training or any equipment, labor, or materials needed for a particular Service Contract. Upwork does not provide the premises at which the Freelancer will perform the work. Upwork makes no representations about, and does not guarantee the quality, safety, or legality of, the Freelancer Services; the truth or accuracy of Freelancer''s listings on the Site; the qualifications, background, or identities of Users; the ability of Freelancers to deliver the Freelancer Services; the ability of Clients to pay for the Freelancer Services; or that a Client or Freelancer can or will actually complete a transaction.

Upwork does not deduct any amount for withholding, unemployment, Social Security, or other taxes for Client or Freelancer; each of which is solely responsible for all tax returns and payments required to be filed with or made to any federal, state, or local tax authority in any nation with respect to Freelancer''s performance, and Client''s acceptance, of Freelancer Services.

Upwork is not required to and may not verify any feedback or information given to us by Freelancers or Clients, nor does Upwork perform background checks on Freelancers or Clients.

You hereby acknowledge and agree that Upwork may provide information on the Site about a Freelancer or Client, such as feedback, a strength or risk score, geographical location, or verification of identity or credentials. However, such information is based solely on data that Freelancer or Client voluntarily submits to Upwork and does not constitute and will not be construed as an introduction, endorsement, or recommendation by Upwork; Upwork provides such information solely for the convenience of Users.

11. Third-Party Beneficiary

Client and Freelancer appoint Upwork as a third-party beneficiary of their Service Contracts for purposes of enforcing any obligations owed to, and any benefits conferred on, Upwork hereunder. For example, Section 5.1(c) and Section 5.1(d) of this Agreement prohibit certain terms in any Service Contract and Upwork is hereby made a third-party beneficiary for purposes of enforcing such prohibitions. Client and Freelancer further agree that Upwork has the right to take such actions with respect to their Accounts, including, without limitation, suspension, termination, or legal actions, as Upwork, in our sole discretion, deems necessary to enforce its rights as third-party beneficiary under the Service Contracts.

This Agreement and any Account registration will not be construed as creating or implying any relationship of agency, franchise, partnership, or joint venture between Users and Upwork, except and solely to the extent expressly stated in this Agreement.

12. General

Service Contracts will be governed by Sections 15 (Confidential Information), 12 (General), and 23 (Definitions) of this Agreement, as applicable, either directly or by way of analogy.

12.1 Entire Agreement

The terms and conditions set forth in this Section 12 and any additional or different terms expressly agreed by Client and Freelancer will constitute the entire agreement and understanding of Client and Freelancer with respect to each Service Contract and will cancel and supersede any other prior or contemporaneous discussions, agreements, representations, warranties, and/or other communications between them.

13. Upwork''s Role

13.1 Service Contracts

You expressly acknowledge, agree, and understand that: (a) the Site is merely a venue where Users may act as Clients and/or Freelancers; (b) Upwork is not a party to any Service Contracts between Clients and Freelancers; (c) you are not an employee of Upwork and that Upwork does not, in any way, supervise, direct, or control the Freelancer or Freelancer Services; (d) Upwork will not have any liability or obligations under or related to Service Contracts or any acts or omissions by you or other Users; (e) Upwork has no control over Freelancers or the Freelancer Services offered or rendered by Freelancers; and (f) Upwork makes no representations as to the reliability, capability, or qualifications of any Freelancer or the quality, security, or legality of any Freelancer Services, and Upwork disclaims any and all liability relating thereto.

14. LICENSES AND THIRD-PARTY CONTENT

14.1 Site License and Intellectual Property Rights

Subject to and conditioned on compliance with this Agreement, Upwork grants you a limited license to access and, if you have created an Account, to use the Site for the purpose using the Site Services. You must not access (or attempt to access) the Site or Site Services by any means other than the interface provided, and you will not use information from the Site or Site Services for any purposes other than the purposes for which it was made available. You agree not to use the Site or Site Services for offering any goods or services other than Freelancer Services as permitted by this Agreement. You must not sell, reproduce, distribute, modify, display, publicly perform, prepare derivative works based on, repost, or otherwise use any content of the Site or Site Services in any way for any public or commercial purpose without Upwork''s prior written consent. You must not use any content of the Site or Site Services on any other website or in a networked computer environment for any purpose except your own viewing. You must not frame or link to the Site or Site Services except as permitted in writing by Upwork. You must not attempt to reverse engineer, modify, adapt, translate, prepare derivative works from, decompile, attempt to interfere with the operation of, or otherwise attempt to derive source code from any part of the Site or Site Services unless expressly permitted by applicable law. You will not access Site Services in order to build a similar service or application, or publish any performance, or any benchmark test or analysis relating to the Site Services. Upwork and our licensors retain all right, title, and interest in and to all Intellectual Property Rights related in and to the Site and the Site Services. The Upwork logos and names are trademarks of Upwork and may be registered in certain jurisdictions. All other product names, company names, marks, logos, and symbols on the Site or Site Services may be the trademarks of their respective owners. Except as expressly stated in this Agreement, nothing in this Agreement confers any license under any of Upwork''s or any third party''s Intellectual Property Rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise.

14.2 User Content License

When you post User Content on the Site or through the Site Services, you represent and warrant that you have the right, power, and authority to post that User Content and grant the licenses specified below. You further represent and warrant that by posting such User Content you will not violate third-party rights of any kind, including, without limitation, any Intellectual Property Rights, rights of publicity, and privacy rights. To the extent your User Content may be copyrightable, you represent, warrant, and covenant that you are the owner of all the copyright rights to such User Content and that Upwork may exercise the rights to your User Content granted under this Agreement without any liability or obligation for any payment.

You retain all ownership rights in any User Content you post on Upwork. To the extent permitted by applicable law, you also grant to Upwork and our successors and Affiliates a royalty-free, sub-licensable, transferable, perpetual, irrevocable, non-exclusive, worldwide license to use, reproduce, modify, publish, list information regarding, edit, translate, distribute, publicly perform, publicly display, and make derivative works of all such User Content and your name, voice, and/or likeness as contained in your User Content, in whole or in part, and in any form, media, or technology, whether now known or hereafter developed, for use in connection with the Site and Upwork''s (and our successors'' and Affiliates'') business, including, without limitation, for promoting and redistributing part or all of the Site (and derivative works thereof) in any media formats and through any media channels. You also hereby grant each User a non-exclusive license to access your User Content through the Site and to use, reproduce, distribute, display, and perform such User Content to the extent permitted through the normal functionality of the Site and subject to all applicable confidentiality and other provisions of this Agreement, our Privacy Policy, and applicable law.

Notwithstanding the foregoing paragraph, Upwork will only use or disclose User Content you post to any non-public area of the Site to the extent necessary to provide Site Services to you as further described in our Privacy Policy.

The licenses to User Content granted by you in this Agreement will terminate within a commercially reasonable time after you remove or delete your User Content from the Site, except that you grant Upwork and our successors and Affiliates the irrevocable and perpetual license to retain and use, but not publicly display or distribute, server or archival copies of all User Content that you have removed or deleted to the extent permitted by applicable law.

You may submit comments or ideas about the Site and Site Services, including without limitation about how to improve the Site or Site Services (collectively, "Ideas"). By submitting any Ideas, you agree that: (a) your disclosure is gratuitous, unsolicited, and without restriction and will not place Upwork under any fiduciary or other obligation, (b) your Ideas do not contain the confidential or proprietary information of third parties, and (c) we are free to use the Ideas without any additional compensation to you and to disclose the Ideas on a non-confidential basis or otherwise to anyone. You further acknowledge and agree that, by acceptance of your submission, Upwork does not waive any rights to use similar or related ideas known or developed by Upwork or obtained from sources other than you.

14.3 Unauthorized Access and Use; Site Interference; Malicious Software

The Site contains robot exclusion headers. You agree that you will not use any robot, spider, scraper, or other automated means to access the Site for any purpose without our express written permission. You will not access the audiovisual content available on the Site for any purpose or in any manner other than streaming. You agree that you will not: (a) take any action that imposes or we believe may impose (in our sole discretion) an unreasonable or disproportionately large load on the Site''s infrastructure; (b) copy, reproduce, modify, create derivative works from, distribute, or publicly display any content (other than content you have submitted to the Site) from the Site, any software code that is part of the Site, or any services that are offered on the Site without the prior express written permission of Upwork and the appropriate third party, as applicable; (c) interfere or attempt to interfere with the proper operation of the Site or any activities conducted on the Site; (d) bypass any measures we may use to prevent or restrict access to the Site or any subparts of the Site, including, without limitation, features that prevent or restrict use or copying of any content or enforce limitations on use of the Site or the content therein; (e) transmit spam, chain letters, or other unsolicited communications; (f) attempt to interfere with or compromise the system integrity or security or decipher any transmissions to or from the servers running the Site; (g) collect or harvest any personally identifiable information, including Account names, from the Site; (h) access any content on the Site through any technology or means other than those provided or authorized by the Site; or (i) directly or indirectly, advertise or promote another website, product, or service or solicit other Users for other websites, products, or services.

Additionally, you agree that you will not post or introduce any invalid data, virus, worm, or other harmful or malicious software code, agent, hidden procedure, routine, or mechanism through or to the Site or the Site software that is designed to cause to cease functioning, disrupt, disable, harm, or otherwise impair in any manner, including aesthetic disruptions or distortions, the operation of (or to allow you or any other person to access or damage or corrupt data, storage media, programs, equipment, or communications or otherwise interfere with operations of or on) the Site or any other software, firmware, hardware, computer system, or network of Upwork or any third party.

14.4 Third-Party Verification

The Site makes available various services provided by third parties to verify a User''s credentials and provide other information. Any information or content expressed or made available by these third parties or any other Users is that of the respective author(s) or distributor(s) and not of Upwork. Upwork neither endorses nor is responsible for the accuracy or reliability of any opinion, advice, information, or statement made on the Site by anyone other than Upwork''s authorized employees acting in their official capacities.

14.5 Links and Applications

The Site may contain links to third-party websites. The Site may also contain applications that allow you to access third-party websites via the Site. Such third-party websites are owned and operated by the third parties and/or their licensors. Your access and use of third-party websites, including online communication services, such as chat, email, and calls will be governed by the terms and policies of the applicable third-party websites. You acknowledge and agree that Upwork is not responsible or liable for: (a) the availability or accuracy of third-party websites; or (b) the content, advertising, or products on or available from third-party websites. You are responsible for deciding if you want to access third-party websites by clicking on a link or installing an application. The inclusion of any link or application on the Site does not imply that we endorse the linked site or application. You use the links and third-party websites at your own risk and agree that your use of an application or third-party website via the Site is on an "as is" and "as available" basis without any warranty for any purpose.

14.6 Mobile and Other Devices

When using our mobile applications, please be aware that your carrier''s normal rates and fees, such as text messaging and data charges, will still apply. Our mobile applications may not contain the same functionality available on the Site.

We may from time to time in our sole discretion develop and provide Site Services updates, which may include upgrades, bug fixes, patches, and other error corrections and/or new features (collectively, including related documentation, "Updates"). Updates may also modify or delete in their entirety certain features and functionality. You agree that we do not have any obligation to provide any Updates or to continue to provide or enable any particular features or functionality. You will promptly download and install all Updates and acknowledge and agree that Site Services or portions thereof may not work properly should you fail to do so. You further agree that all Updates will be subject to the terms of this Agreement, unless otherwise provided in terms associated with such Update. Upwork reserves the right, at any time, to modify, suspend, or discontinue Site Services or any part thereof without notice. You agree Upwork will not be liable to you or any third party for any modification, suspension, or discontinuance of Site Services or any part thereof.

15. CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

15.1 Confidentiality

To the extent a Client or Freelancer provides Confidential Information to the other, the recipient will protect the secrecy of the discloser''s Confidential Information with the same degree of care as it uses to protect its own Confidential Information, but in no event with less than due care, and will: (a) not disclose or permit others to disclose another''s Confidential Information to anyone without first obtaining the express written consent of the owner of the Confidential Information; (b) not use or permit the use of another''s Confidential Information, except as necessary for the performance of Freelancer Services for the relevant Service Contract (including, without limitation, the storage or transmission of Confidential Information on or through the Site for use by Freelancer); and (c) limit access to another''s Confidential Information to its personnel who need to know such information for the performance of Freelancer Services for the relevant Service Contract.

15.2 Return

If and when Confidential Information is no longer needed for the performance of the Freelancer Services for a Services Contract or at Client''s or Freelancer''s written request (which may be made at any time at Client''s or Freelancer''s sole discretion), the party that received Confidential Information, will, at its expense, promptly destroy or return the disclosing party''s Confidential Information and any copies thereof contained in or on its premises, systems, or any other equipment otherwise under its control. The party that received Confidential Information agrees to provide written certification to the party disclosing the Confidential Information of compliance with this subsection within ten days after the receipt of disclosing party''s written request for such certification.

15.3 Publication

Without limiting Section 15.1 (Confidentiality), Client, Freelancer, and Upwork will not publish, or cause to be published, any other party''s Confidential Information or Work Product, except as may be necessary for performance of Freelancer Services for a Services Contract.

16. WARRANTY DISCLAIMER

YOU AGREE NOT TO RELY ON THE SITE, THE SITE SERVICES, ANY INFORMATION ON THE SITE OR THE CONTINUATION OF THE SITE. THE SITE AND THE SITE SERVICES ARE PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ON AN "AS AVAILABLE" BASIS. UPWORK MAKES NO EXPRESS REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THE SITE, THE SITE SERVICES, WORK PRODUCT, OR ANY ACTIVITIES OR ITEMS RELATED TO THIS AGREEMENT. TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, UPWORK DISCLAIMS ALL EXPRESS AND IMPLIED CONDITIONS, REPRESENTATIONS, AND WARRANTIES INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, ACCURACY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE, AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. SOME JURISDICTIONS MAY NOT ALLOW FOR ALL OF THE FOREGOING LIMITATIONS ON WARRANTIES, SO TO THAT EXTENT, SOME OR ALL OF THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. SECTION 20 (TERM AND TERMINATION) STATES USER''S SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY AGAINST UPWORK WITH RESPECT TO ANY DEFECTS, NON-CONFORMANCES, OR DISSATISFACTION.

17. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY

Upwork is not liable, and you agree not to hold us responsible, for any damages or losses arising out of or in connection with this Agreement, including, but not limited to:

a.     your use of or your inability to use our Site or Site Services;

b.     delays or disruptions in our Site or Site Services;

c.     viruses or other malicious software obtained by accessing, or linking to, our Site or Site Services;

d.     glitches, bugs, errors, or inaccuracies of any kind in our Site or Site Services;

e.     damage to your hardware device from the use of the Site or Site Services;

f.     the content, actions, or inactions of third parties'' use of the Site or Site Services;

g.     a suspension or other action taken with respect to your account;

h.     your reliance on the quality, accuracy, or reliability of Job postings, freelancer profiles, ratings, recommendations, and feedback (including their content, order, and display), or metrics found on, used on, or made available through the Site; and

i.     your need to modify practices, content, or behavior or your loss of or inability to do business, as a result of changes to the Terms of Service.

ADDITIONALLY, IN NO EVENT WILL UPWORK, OUR AFFILIATES, OUR LICENSORS, OR OUR THIRD-PARTY SERVICE PROVIDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL, PUNITIVE, EXEMPLARY, OR INDIRECT COSTS OR DAMAGES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LITIGATION COSTS, INSTALLATION AND REMOVAL COSTS, OR LOSS OF DATA, PRODUCTION, PROFIT, OR BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES. THE LIABILITY OF UPWORK, OUR AFFILIATES, OUR LICENSORS, AND OUR THIRD-PARTY SERVICE PROVIDERS TO ANY USER FOR ANY CLAIM ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THIS AGREEMENT WILL NOT EXCEED THE LESSER OF: (A) $2,500; OR (B) ANY FEES RETAINED BY UPWORK WITH RESPECT TO SERVICE CONTRACTS ON WHICH USER WAS INVOLVED AS CLIENT OR FREELANCER DURING THE SIX-MONTH PERIOD PRECEDING THE DATE OF THE CLAIM. THESE LIMITATIONS WILL APPLY TO ANY LIABILITY, ARISING FROM ANY CAUSE OF ACTION WHATSOEVER ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THIS AGREEMENT, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE), STRICT LIABILITY, OR OTHERWISE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH COSTS OR DAMAGES AND EVEN IF THE LIMITED REMEDIES PROVIDED HEREIN FAIL OF THEIR ESSENTIAL PURPOSE. SOME STATES AND JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW FOR ALL OF THE FOREGOING EXCLUSIONS AND LIMITATIONS, SO TO THAT EXTENT, SOME OR ALL OF THESE LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.

18. RELEASE

In addition to the recognition that Upwork is not a party to any contract between Client and Freelancer, you hereby release Upwork, our Affiliates, and our respective officers, directors, agents, subsidiaries, joint ventures, and employees from claims, demands, and damages (actual and consequential) of every kind and nature, known and unknown, arising out of or in any way connected with any dispute you have with another User, whether it be at law or in equity. This release includes, for example and without limitation, any disputes regarding the performance, functions, and quality of the Freelancer Services provided to Client by a Freelancer and requests for refunds based upon disputes. Procedures regarding the handling of certain disputes between Users are discussed in subsection 8.4 (Dispute Resolution).

TO THE EXTENT APPLICABLE, YOU HEREBY WAIVE THE PROTECTIONS OF CALIFORNIA CIVIL CODE § 1542 (AND ANY ANALOGOUS LAW IN ANY OTHER APPLICABLE JURISDICTION) WHICH SAYS: "A GENERAL RELEASE DOES NOT EXTEND TO CLAIMS WHICH THE CREDITOR DOES NOT KNOW OR SUSPECT TO EXIST IN HIS OR HER FAVOR AT THE TIME OF EXECUTING THE RELEASE, WHICH IF KNOWN BY HIM OR HER MUST HAVE MATERIALLY AFFECTED HIS OR HER SETTLEMENT WITH THE DEBTOR.")

This release will not apply to a claim that Upwork failed to meet our obligations under this Agreement.

19. INDEMNIFICATION

You will indemnify, defend, and hold harmless Upwork, our Affiliates, and our respective directors, officers, employees, representatives, and agents (each an "Indemnified Party") from any and all claims, damages, liabilities, costs, losses, and expenses (including, but not limited to, reasonable attorneys'' fees and all related costs and expenses) arising from or relating to any claim, suit, proceeding, demand, or action brought by you or a third party against an Indemnified Party relating to: (a) use of the Site and the Site Services by you or your agents, including any payment obligations incurred through use of the Site Services; (b) any Service Contract entered into by you or your agents, including, but not limited to, the classification of a Freelancer as an independent contractor; the classification of Upwork as an employer or joint employer of Freelancer; any employment-related claims, such as those relating to employment termination, employment discrimination, harassment, or retaliation; and any claims for unpaid wages or other compensation, overtime pay, sick leave, holiday or vacation pay, retirement benefits, worker''s compensation benefits, unemployment benefits, or any other employee benefits; (c) failure to comply with this Agreement by you or your agents; (d) failure to comply with applicable law by you or your agents; (e) negligence, willful misconduct, or fraud by you or your agents; and (f) defamation, libel, violation of privacy rights, unfair competition, or infringement of Intellectual Property Rights or allegations thereof to the extent caused by you or your agents.

20. AGREEMENT TERM AND TERMINATION

This Agreement will become effective upon your first visit to the Site and will remain in effect for the duration of your use of the Site. Unless both you and Upwork agree otherwise in writing, either of us may terminate this Agreement in our sole discretion, at any time, without explanation, upon written notice to the other. You may provide written notice to legalnotices@upwork.com. If you are using Upwork Payroll, you must legally terminate your relationship with Client or Freelancer, as applicable, before terminating this Agreement. In the event you properly terminate this Agreement, your right to use the Site is automatically revoked, and your Account will be closed; however, (i) if you have any open Engagements when you terminate this Agreement, you will continue to be bound by this Agreement until all such Engagements have closed on the Site; (ii) Upwork will continue to perform those Site Services necessary to complete any open Engagement or related transaction between you and another User; and (iii) you will continue to be obligated to pay any amounts accrued but unpaid as of the date of termination or as of the completion of any open Engagements, whichever is later, to Upwork for any Site Services and to any Freelancers for any Freelancer Services. Without limiting any other provisions of this Agreement, the termination of this Agreement for any reason will not release you, any User with whom you have entered into a Service Contract, or Upwork from any obligations incurred prior to termination of this Agreement or that thereafter may accrue in respect of any act or omission prior to such termination. Those portions of the Terms of Service necessary to implement the foregoing survive termination of this Agreement for any reason.

Without limiting Upwork''s other remedies, we may temporarily suspend, indefinitely suspend, or permanently revoke your access to the Site and refuse to provide any or all Site Services to you if: (a) you breach the letter or spirit of any terms and conditions of this Agreement or other parts of the Terms of Service; (b) we suspect or become aware that you have provided false or misleading information to us; or (c) we believe, in our sole discretion, that your actions may cause legal liability for you, our Users, or Upwork or our Affiliates; may be contrary to the interests of the Site or the User community; or may involve illicit activity. Once your Account is suspended or closed, you must not continue to use the Site under the same Account or a different Account or reregister under a new Account without Upwork''s prior written consent.

Without limiting Upwork''s other remedies, if you engage in actions or activities that circumvent the Site or otherwise reduce fees owed Upwork or our Affiliates under this Agreement, you must pay Upwork for all fees owed to Upwork and our Affiliates and reimburse Upwork for all losses and costs (including any and all time of Upwork''s employees) and reasonable expenses (including attorneys'' fees) related to investigating such breach and collecting such fees. In addition, violations of this Agreement may be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law and may result in additional penalties and sanctions.

When your Account is closed for any reason, you will no longer have access to data, messages, files, and other material you keep on the Site. If practicable, Upwork will retain this information along with all your previous posts and proposals for a period of one year from the date of termination to give you ample time to institute an appeal of our decision through the process described in the subsection titled "Disputes with Upwork." If you appeal our decision through that process within one year, Upwork will retain your information until such dispute is resolved. If you fail to appeal our decision within one year, Upwork may delete your information including data, messages, files, and other material you keep on the Site.

20.1 Enforcement of Agreement

Upwork has the right, but not the obligation, to suspend or revoke your access to the Site and Site Services if we believe that you have violated or acted inconsistently with the letter or spirit of this Agreement or violated our rights or those of another party. Without limiting Upwork''s other remedies, we may suspend or close your Account, use self-help in connection with our rights to reclaim funds, and refuse to provide any further access to the Site or the Services to you if (a) you breach any terms and conditions of this Agreement or other Terms of Service; (b) we are unable to verify or authenticate any information you provide to us; or (c) we believe that your actions may cause legal liability for you, other Users, or Upwork. Once we suspend or close your Account, you may not access any parts of the Site, including data, messages, files, and other material saved on the Site and you may not continue to use the Site under a different Account or reregister under a new Account. If you attempt to use the Site under a different Account, we reserve the right to reclaim available funds in that Account and/or use an available Payment Method to pay for any amounts owed by you to the extent permitted by applicable law. You understand that any closure of your Account may involve deletion of any content stored in your Account for which Upwork will have no liability whatsoever.

20.2 Consequences of Agreement Termination

Termination of this Agreement and/or closing of your Account will not relieve Client of the requirement to pay for Freelancer Services performed prior to the effective date of the termination or thereafter for any Service Contracts executed before termination of this Agreement, which fees and expenses, together with any applicable taxes, Client hereby authorizes Upwork to charge to its Payment Method pursuant to Section 6 (Payment Terms). Subject to the applicable Dispute Resolution Policies, Upwork will pay Freelancer, in accordance with the provisions of Section 6 (Payment Terms) for all time recorded in the Time Logs incurred prior to the effective date of the termination or thereafter for any Service Contracts executed before termination of this Agreement.

Except as otherwise required by applicable law, we will notify you if we close your Account, unless we believe, in our sole judgment, that giving notice may cause damage. You acknowledge and agree that the value, reputation, and goodwill of the Site depend on transparency of User''s Account status to all Users, including both yourself and other Users who have entered into Service Contracts with you. You therefore agree as follows: IF UPWORK DECIDES TO SUSPEND OR CLOSE YOUR ACCOUNT, UPWORK HAS THE RIGHT BUT NOT THE OBLIGATION TO: (A) NOTIFY OTHER USERS THAT HAVE ENTERED INTO SERVICE CONTRACTS WITH YOU TO INFORM THEM OF YOUR SUSPENDED OR CLOSED ACCOUNT STATUS, AND (B) PROVIDE THOSE USERS WITH A SUMMARY OF THE REASONS FOR YOUR ACCOUNT SUSPENSION OR CLOSURE.

20.3 Survival

After this Agreement terminates, the terms of this Agreement that expressly or by their nature contemplate performance after the Agreement terminates or expires will survive and continue in full force and effect. For example, the provisions protecting Confidential Information, requiring arbitration,permitting audits, protecting intellectual property, requiring non-circumvention, indemnification, payment of fees, reimbursement and setting forth limitations of liability each, by their nature, contemplate performance or observance after this Agreement terminates.

21. CANCELLATIONS, REFUNDS, AND DISPUTES

21.1 Dispute Process

You agree to abide by the Dispute Process that is explained in the Escrow Instructions that apply to your particular Service Contract.

If a dispute arises between you and Upwork or our Affiliates, our goal is to resolve the dispute quickly and cost-effectively. Accordingly, you, Upwork, and our Affiliates agree to resolve any claim, dispute, or controversy that arises out of or relates to this Agreement or the Site Services (each, a "Claim") in accordance with this Section.

21.2 Choice of Law and Forum for Disputes

This Agreement and any Claim, including without limitation any dispute relating to a Service Contract, will be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of Delaware, without regard to its conflict of law provisions and excluding the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG); provided, however, that any Claims made by any Freelancer located within the United States will be governed by the law of the state in which such Freelancer resides.

You agree that any Claim must be resolved as described in the subsections below titled "Informal Dispute Resolution" and "Mandatory Binding Arbitration and Class Action/Jury Trial Waiver."

21.3 Informal Dispute Resolution

Before serving a demand for arbitration of a Claim, or otherwise seeking relief, you agree to first notify Upwork of the Claim at Attn: Legal, 441 Logue Ave., Mountain View, CA 94043 (the "Notice") and seek informal resolution of the Claim. The Notice must include your name, pertinent account information, a brief description of the Claim, and your contact information, so that we may evaluate the Claim and attempt to informally resolve the Claim. Upwork will have 60 days from the date of its receipt of the Notice to informally resolve the Claim, which, if successful, will avoid the need for further action.

21.4 Mandatory Binding Arbitration and Class Action/Jury Trial Waiver (Does Not Apply to Freelancers Located Outside the United States and Its Territories)

This Mandatory Binding Arbitration and Class Action/Jury Trial Waiver provision ("Arbitration Provision") applies to all users except Freelancers located outside of the United States and its territories.

In the unlikely event that Upwork is unable to resolve a Claim within 60 days of its receipt of the Notice, you, Upwork, and our Affiliates agree to resolve the Claim by binding arbitration before an arbitrator from JAMS. JAMS may be contacted at www.jamsadr.com.

A. Scope of Arbitration Agreement and Conduct of Arbitration

Arbitration as provided in this Mandatory Binding Arbitration and Class Action/Jury Trial Waiver provision ("Arbitration Provision") is governed by the United States Federal Arbitration Act (9 U.S.C. §§ 1 et seq.). Except as otherwise stated in this Section, this Arbitration Provision applies to any legal dispute arising out of or related to your relationship with Upwork (including any claimed employment with Upwork or one of its Affiliates or successors) or termination of your relationship with Upwork, regardless of the date of Claim accrual. This Arbitration Provision survives after your relationship with Upwork ends. Except as it otherwise provides, this Arbitration Provision is intended to apply to the resolution of disputes that otherwise would be resolved in a court of law or before a forum other than arbitration. Except as otherwise stated in this Section, you and Upwork agree that any legal dispute or controversy covered by this Arbitration Provision, or arising out of, relating to, or concerning the validity, enforceability or breach of this Arbitration Provision, will be resolved by binding arbitration administered by JAMS. If for any reason JAMS will not administer the arbitration, either party may apply to a court of competent jurisdiction with authority over the location where the arbitration will be conducted for appointment of a neutral arbitrator.

Except as otherwise provided herein, arbitration will be conducted in Santa Clara County, California in accordance with the JAMS Comprehensive Arbitration Rules and Procedures under the Optional Expedited Arbitration Procedures then in effect for JAMS. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any Claims or disputes by Freelancers that allege employment or worker classification claims will be conducted within 25 miles of where the Freelancer is located in accordance with the JAMS Employment Arbitration Rules and Procedures then in effect. The JAMS arbitration rules may be found at www.jamsadr.com or by searching online for "JAMS Comprehensive Arbitration Rules and Procedures" or "JAMS Employment Arbitration Rules." The parties agree that any party will have the right to appear at the arbitration by telephone and/or video rather than in person.

Except as it otherwise provides, this Arbitration Provision applies, without limitation, to all disputes arising out of or related to your relationship with Upwork or the termination of that relationship, any payments you claim due you from Upwork, trade secrets, unfair competition, compensation, classification, minimum wage, seating, expense reimbursement, overtime, breaks and rest periods, termination, discrimination or harassment and claims arising under the Uniform Trade Secrets Act as enacted in any state, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Americans With Disabilities Act, Age Discrimination in Employment Act, Family Medical Leave Act, Fair Labor Standards Act, Employee Retirement Income Security Act (except for claims for employee benefits under any benefit plan sponsored by the Company and (a) covered by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 or (b) funded by insurance), Affordable Care Act, Genetic Information Non-Discrimination Act, state statutes or regulations addressing the same or similar subject matters, and all other federal or state legal claims arising out of or relating to your relationship with Upwork or the termination of that relationship.

You and Upwork will follow the applicable JAMS rules with respect to arbitration fees. In any arbitration under the JAMS Employment Arbitration Rules and Procedures, the Freelancer will pay JAMS arbitration fees only to the extent those fees are no greater than the filing or initial appearance fees applicable to court actions in the jurisdiction where the arbitration will be conducted. The arbitrator must follow applicable law and may award only those remedies that would have applied had the matter been heard in court. Judgment may be entered on the arbitrator''s decision in any court having jurisdiction.

This Arbitration Provision does not apply to litigation between the Company and you to which you are a party that is already pending in a state or federal court as of the effective date of this Arbitration Provision. This Arbitration Provision also does not apply to claims for workers compensation, state disability insurance or unemployment insurance benefits. Either you or Upwork may apply to a court of competent jurisdiction for temporary or preliminary injunctive relief in connection with an arbitrable controversy, but only upon the ground that the award to which that party may be entitled may be rendered ineffectual without such relief. Notwithstanding this Arbitration Provision, you and Upwork retain the right to bring an action in small claims court within the jurisdictional limits of the small claims court and as long as such matter is only pending in that court.

Regardless of any other terms of this Arbitration Provision, a claim may be brought before and remedies awarded by an administrative agency if applicable law permits the agency to adjudicate the claim notwithstanding the existence of this agreement to arbitrate. Such administrative claims include without limitation claims or charges brought before the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the U.S. Department of Labor, or the National Labor Relations Board. Nothing in this Arbitration Provision will be deemed to preclude or excuse a party from bringing an administrative claim before any agency in order to fulfill the party''s obligation to exhaust administrative remedies before making a claim in arbitration.

Disputes that may not be subject to a pre-dispute arbitration agreement as provided by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Public Law 111-203) are excluded from the coverage of this Arbitration Provision.

B. Enforcement of this Arbitration Provision

This Arbitration Provision is the full and complete agreement relating to the formal resolution of disputes covered by this Arbitration Provision. In the event any portion of this Arbitration Provision is deemed unenforceable, the remainder of this Arbitration Provision will be enforceable. If any portion of the Class Action Waiver in subsection C, below, of this Arbitration Provision is deemed to be unenforceable, you and Upwork agree that this Arbitration Provision will be enforced to the fullest extent permitted by law. If the entire Class Action Waiver in subsection C, below, of this Arbitration is found to be unenforceable in all respects, you and Upwork agree the Arbitration Provision is otherwise silent as to any party''s ability to bring a class, collective or representative action in arbitration.

C. Class Action and Jury Trial Waiver

THIS ARBITRATION PROVISION AFFECTS YOUR ABILITY TO PARTICIPATE IN CLASS, COLLECTIVE OR REPRESENTATIVE ACTIONS. BOTH YOU AND UPWORK AGREE TO BRING ANY DISPUTE IN ARBITRATION ON AN INDIVIDUAL BASIS ONLY, AND NOT ON A CLASS, COLLECTIVE, OR PRIVATE ATTORNEY GENERAL REPRESENTATIVE BASIS ON BEHALF OF OTHERS. THERE WILL BE NO RIGHT OR AUTHORITY FOR ANY DISPUTE TO BE BROUGHT, HEARD OR ARBITRATED AS A CLASS, COLLECTIVE, REPRESENTATIVE OR PRIVATE ATTORNEY GENERAL ACTION, OR AS A MEMBER IN ANY SUCH CLASS, COLLECTIVE, REPRESENTATIVE OR PRIVATE ATTORNEY GENERAL PROCEEDING ("CLASS ACTION WAIVER"). THE CLASS ACTION WAIVER DOES NOT APPLY TO ANY CLAIM YOU BRING AS A PRIVATE ATTORNEY GENERAL SOLELY ON YOUR OWN BEHALF AND NOT ON BEHALF OF OTHERS. NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER PORTION OF THIS ARBITRATION PROVISION OR THE JAMS RULES, DISPUTES REGARDING THE VALIDITY, ENFORCEABILITY OR BREACH OF THE CLASS ACTION WAIVER MAY BE RESOLVED ONLY BY A CIVIL COURT OF COMPETENT JURISDICTION AND NOT BY AN ARBITRATOR. IN ANY CASE IN WHICH (1) THE DISPUTE IS FILED AS A CLASS, COLLECTIVE, REPRESENTATIVE OR PRIVATE ATTORNEY GENERAL ACTION AND (2) A CIVIL COURT OF COMPETENT JURISDICTION FINDS ALL OR PART OF THE CLASS ACTION WAIVER UNENFORCEABLE, THE CLASS, COLLECTIVE, REPRESENTATIVE AND/OR PRIVATE ATTORNEY GENERAL ACTION TO THAT EXTENT MUST BE LITIGATED IN A CIVIL COURT OF COMPETENT JURISDICTION, BUT THE PORTION OF THE CLASS ACTION WAIVER THAT IS ENFORCEABLE WILL BE ENFORCED IN ARBITRATION. YOU AND UPWORK AGREE THAT YOU WILL NOT BE RETALIATED AGAINST, DISCIPLINED OR THREATENED WITH DISCIPLINE AS A RESULT OF EXERCISING YOUR RIGHTS UNDER SECTION 7 OF THE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS ACT BY FILING OR PARTICIPATING IN A CLASS, COLLECTIVE OR REPRESENTATIVE ACTION IN ANY FORUM. HOWEVER, THE UPWORK MAY LAWFULLY SEEK ENFORCEMENT OF THIS ARBITRATION PROVISION AND THE CLASS ACTION WAIVER UNDER THE FEDERAL ARBITRATION ACT AND SEEK DISMISSAL OF SUCH CLASS, COLLECTIVE OR REPRESENTATIVE ACTIONS OR CLAIMS. THE CLASS ACTION WAIVER WILL BE SEVERABLE IN ANY CASE IN WHICH THE DISPUTE IS FILED AS AN INDIVIDUAL ACTION, AND SEVERANCE IS NECESSARY TO ENSURE THAT THE INDIVIDUAL ACTION PROCEEDS IN ARBITRATION.

D. Right to Opt Out of Arbitration and Class Action/Jury Trial Waiver

You may opt out of the foregoing arbitration and class action/jury trial waiver provision of this Agreement by notifying Upwork in writing within 30 days of the date you first registered for the Site. To opt out, you must send a written notification to Upwork at Attn: Legal, 441 Logue Ave., Mountain View, CA 94043 that includes (a) your account username, (b) your name, (c) your address, (d) your telephone number, (e) your email address, and (f) a clear statement indicating that you do not wish to resolve claims through arbitration and demonstrating compliance with the 30-day time limit to opt out of the above arbitration and class action/jury trial waiver provisions.

22. GENERAL

22.1 Entire Agreement

This Agreement, together with the other Terms of Service and any other legal notices and agreements published by Upwork on the Site, sets forth the entire agreement and understanding between you and Upwork relating to the subject matter hereof and thereof and cancels and supersedes any prior or contemporaneous discussions, agreements, representations, warranties, and other communications between you and us, written or oral, to the extent they relate in any way to the subject matter hereof and thereof. The section headings in this Agreement are included for ease of reference only and have no binding effect. Even though Upwork drafted this Agreement, you represent that you had ample time to review and decide whether to agree to the terms of this Agreement. If an ambiguity or question of intent or interpretation of this Agreement arises, no presumption or burden of proof will arise favoring or disfavoring you or Upwork because of the authorship of any provision of this Agreement.

22.2 Side Agreements

Notwithstanding subsection 22.1 (Entire Agreement), Clients and Freelancers may enter into any supplemental or other written agreements that they deem appropriate (e.g., confidentiality agreements, work for hire agreements, Engagement of rights, etc.). The terms and conditions of this Agreement, however, will govern and supersede any term or condition in a side agreement that purports to expand Upwork''s obligations or restrict Upwork''s rights under this Agreement.

22.3 Compliance

User will not violate any applicable foreign, federal, state, or local laws or third-party rights on or related to the Site. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, User agrees to comply with all applicable laws and regulations, including, but not limited to, import and export control laws and third parties'' Intellectual Property Rights.

22.4 Modifications

No modification or amendment to this Agreement will be binding upon Upwork unless in a written instrument signed by a duly authorized representative of Upwork. For the purposes of this subsection, a written instrument will expressly exclude electronic communications, such as email and electronic notices, but will include facsimiles.

22.5 No Waiver

The failure or delay of either party to exercise or enforce any right or claim does not constitute a waiver of such right or claim and will in no way affect that party''s right to later enforce or exercise it, unless such party issues an express written waiver, signed by a duly authorized representative of such party.

22.6 Assignability

User may not assign this Agreement, or any of its rights or obligations hereunder, without Upwork''s prior written consent in the form of a written instrument signed by a duly authorized representative of Upwork (and, for the purposes of this subsection, a written instrument will expressly exclude electronic communications such as email and electronic notices, but will include facsimiles). Upwork may freely assign this Agreement without User''s consent. Any attempted assignment or transfer in violation of this subsection will be null and void. Subject to the foregoing restrictions, this Agreement will inure to the benefit of the successors and permitted assigns of the parties.

22.7 Severability

If and to the extent any provision of this Agreement is held illegal, invalid, or unenforceable in whole or in part under applicable law, such provision or such portion thereof will be ineffective as to the jurisdiction in which it is illegal, invalid, or unenforceable to the extent of its illegality, invalidity, or unenforceability and will be deemed modified to the extent necessary to conform to applicable law so as to give the maximum effect to the intent of the parties. The illegality, invalidity, or unenforceability of such provision in that jurisdiction will not in any way affect the legality, validity, or enforceability of such provision in any other jurisdiction or of any other provision in any jurisdiction.

22.8 Force Majeure

The parties to this Agreement will not be responsible for the failure to perform or any delay in performance of any obligation hereunder due to labor disturbances, accidents, fires, floods, telecommunications or Internet failures, strikes, wars, riots, rebellions, blockades, acts of government, governmental requirements and regulations or restrictions imposed by law or any other similar conditions beyond the reasonable control of such party. The time for performance of such party will be extended by the period of such delay. Irrespective of any extension of time, if an event of Force Majeure occurs and its effect continues for a period of 60 days, either the party may give to the other a 30-day notice of termination. If, at the end of the 30 day period, the effect of the Force Majeure continues, the Agreement will terminate.

22.9 Prevailing Language and Location

The English language version of this Agreement will be controlling in all respects and will prevail in case of any inconsistencies with translated versions, if any. The Site is controlled and operated from our facilities in the United States. Upwork makes no representations that the Site is appropriate or available for use in other locations. Those who access or use the Site from other jurisdictions do so at their own volition and are entirely responsible for compliance with all applicable foreign, United States, state, and local laws and regulations, including, but not limited to, export and import regulations, including the Export Administration Regulations maintained by the United States Department of Commerce and the sanctions programs maintained by the Department of the Treasury Office of Foreign Assets Control. You must not directly or indirectly sell, export, re-export, transfer, divert, or otherwise dispose of any software or service to any end user without obtaining any and all required authorizations from the appropriate government authorities. You also warrant that you are not prohibited from receiving U.S. origin products, including services or software. You may not use or access the Site if you are: (a) a resident of a geographic area embargoed by the United States; (b) subject to United States economic sanctions that prohibit your use or access to the Site; or (c) a foreign person or entity blocked or denied by the United States government. Unless otherwise explicitly stated, all materials found on the Site are solely directed to individuals, companies, or other entities located in the United States.

22.10 Communications from you to Upwork

All notices to Upwork or our Affiliates intended to have a legal effect must be in writing and delivered either (a) in person; (b) by a means evidenced by a delivery receipt, to the following address: Attn: Legal, 441 Logue Ave., Mountain View, CA 94043; or (c) in writing via email to legal@upwork.com. All such notices are deemed effective upon documented receipt by Upwork. Upwork does not accept service of any legal process by email or mail; all such service should occur by hand delivery on Upwork or its registered agent for service of process.

23. DEFINITIONS

"Affiliate" means any entity that, directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with Upwork.

"Client" means any authorized User utilizing the Site to seek and/or obtain Freelancer Services from another User. From time to time, Upwork may act as a Client, and the terms and conditions of this Agreement applicable to Clients will apply to Upwork when Upwork acts in this way.

"Client Deliverables" means requests, intellectual property, and any other information or materials that a Freelancer receives from a Client for a particular Service Contract.

"Confidential Information" means Client Deliverables, Freelancer Deliverables, Work Product, and any other information provided to, or created by, a User for a Service Contract, regardless of whether in tangible, electronic, verbal, graphic, visual, or other form. Confidential Information does not include material or information that: (a) is generally known by third parties as a result of no act or omission of Freelancer or Client; (b) subsequent to disclosure hereunder, was lawfully received without restriction on disclosure from a third party having the right to disseminate the information; (c) was already known by User prior to receiving it from the other party and was not received from a third party in breach of that third party''s obligations of confidentiality; or (d) was independently developed by User without use of another person''s Confidential Information.

"Fixed Price Contract" means a Service Contract for which Client is charged a fixed fee agreed between a Client and a Freelancer, prior to the commencement of a Service Contract, for the completion of all Freelancer Services contracted by Client for such Service Contract.

"EEC" means Elance Escrow Corporation, a Delaware corporation and wholly owned operating subsidiary of Upwork Inc., that provides the Escrow Services pursuant to the User Agreement and the applicable Escrow Instructions.

"Engagement" means an engagement for Freelancer Services that a Freelancer provides to a Client under a Service Contract on the Site.

"Freelancer" means any authorized User utilizing the Site to advertise and provide Services to Clients. A Freelancer User is also a customer of Upwork with respect to use of the Site and the limited Site services.

"Freelancer Deliverables" means requests, intellectual property, and any other information or materials that a Client receives from a Freelancer for a particular Service Contract.

"Freelancer Fees" means: (a) for an Hourly Rate Contract, an amount equal to the number of hours recorded by Freelancer in the Time Logs, multiplied by the Hourly Rate set by the Freelancer; (b) for a Fixed Price Contract, the fixed fee agreed between a Client and a Freelancer; and (c) any bonuses or other payments made by a Client for a Service Contract.

"Freelancer Services" means all services performed for or delivered to Clients by Freelancers.

"Hourly Rate Contract" means a Service Contract for which Client is charged based on the hourly rate set by the Freelancer.

"Intellectual Property Rights" means all patent rights, copyright rights, mask work rights, moral rights, rights of publicity, trademark, trade dress and service mark rights, goodwill, trade secret rights and other intellectual property rights as may now exist or hereafter come into existence, and all applications therefore and registrations, renewals and extensions thereof, under the laws of any state, country, territory or other jurisdiction.

"Job" means the services that a Freelancer provides to a Client under a Service Contract on the Site.

"Upwork Team Software" means the online platform accessed using Upwork''s downloaded team software that enables time tracking and invoicing, chat, and screenshot sharing with other Users.

"Payment Method" means a valid credit card issued by a bank acceptable to Upwork, a bank account linked to your Account, a PayPal account, or such other method of payment as Upwork may accept from time to time in our sole discretion.

"Service Contract" means the contractual provisions between a Client and a Freelancer governing the Freelancer Services to be performed by a Freelancer for Client for an Engagement.

"Site Services" means all services that are accessible through the Site.

"Time Logs" means the hours recorded for a stated period by a Freelancer for the Freelancer Services performed for a Client under a Service Contract.

"Work Product" means any tangible or intangible results or deliverables that Freelancer agrees to create for, or actually delivers to, Client as a result of performing the Freelancer Services on a particular Service Contract, including, but not limited to, configurations, computer programs, or other information, or customized hardware, and any intellectual property developed in connection therewith.

"User Content" means any data, feedback, content, text, video, music, or other information that you post to any part of the Site.

24. CONTACTING US

If you have questions or need assistance, please contact Customer Support at https://support.upwork.com.