Hire the best Python developers

Check out Python developers with the skills you need for your next job.

Clients rate Python developers
Rating is 4.8 out of 5.
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Douglas E.
$50/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Django
  • Amazon Elastic Beanstalk
  • JavaScript
  • Test-Driven Development
  • Amazon S3
  • Bootstrap
  • RESTful API
  • MySQL
  • PostgreSQL

Hello, I'm Python/Django Web developer. I have more than eight years of experience developing and managing web applications using AWS infrastructure and Django as the main web framework. I can create a product from the beginning and deploy it following the best practices. My professional skills: * Python, Django, Django Rest Framework, Scrapy * JavaScript, jQuery * HTML5, CSS3, Sass * Linux, Docker, Nginx * MySQL, PostgreSQL, AWS Aurora, DynamoDB * AWS EC2 and Elastic beanstalk, Digital ocean, Linode * AWS services, S3, SQS/SQN, ElastiCache, Aurora, ElasticSearch ... * Pytest, TDD * Team leading, Project Management I have a history of...

Kiril V.
$60/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • JavaScript
  • Odoo
  • Elm
  • Elixir

Designer and engineer of information systems built on the Linux platform that help business’s overcome their marketing and organizational issues. Expert in building solutions around the Odoo web framework and business application suite with experience on more than 60 projects in various roles: developer / lead developer / project manager. Languages: Expert in Python, Javascript, SQL; Proficient in Bash, Elixir/Erlang, Haskell, Elm Web Frameworks: Expert in Odoo; Proficient in Django, Flask Network (application) protocols: HTTP, SMTP Databases: PostgreSQL Web Servers: Nginx Web & Markup: HTML, CSS/SCSS, JSON, XML, Emacs Org-mode Platforms:...

Abhishek D.
$45/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Django
  • Docker
  • Node.js
  • Kubernetes
  • Cloud Architecture
  • System Administration
  • Core Java
  • DevOps
  • Google Cloud Platform
  • Microsoft Azure
  • JavaScript
  • Ansible
  • Rancher
  • Amazon Web Services

I am a Software Engineer with specialization in Full Stack Development, Cloud Engineering, DevOps Engineering, Crawling Solutions, Chatbots, and Desktop Applications. I have developed responsive cross-browser compatible web applications, built crawlers capable of crawling millions of pages. I have extensive experience with setting up Cloud Native applications including * Co-founded a software startup on AI, Chatbots, and conversational interfaces. * Worked with a diverse tech stack including Node.js, Python, Django, Flask, React.js, Java and more. * Experience with major cloud providers including Google Cloud, AWS, and Azure. * Experience...

Dhanraj M.
$60/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Database Architecture
  • Firebase
  • React Native
  • GraphQL
  • JavaScript
  • React
  • Node.js
  • Amazon DynamoDB
  • Neo4j
  • MongoDB
  • Kubernetes
  • C
  • HTML5
  • Redis

- 14 years of experience as software developer. - Handled the end to end responsibilities of requirement collection, designing, coding, testing, integration testing and releases. - Worked in verticals – Routing protocols, Embedded systems, Web Development, Machine learning and Data science - Start-up experience as Co-Founder and CTO I am well versed in : - Object Oriented Design and Programming, Application, Embedded and Network Software Programming. - JavaScript, Python and C programming languages. - Postgres, MongoDB, Redis, Neo4j and Elastic Search Databases. - Nodejs and Reactjs and similar JS frameworks

Dana R.
$60/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • React Native
  • TypeScript
  • Jest
  • JavaScript
  • React
  • Flask
  • Docker
  • Git
  • Redux
  • Unit Testing

I'm a Full Stack Software Engineer and have a bachelor's degree in Computer Science & Computational Linguistics. I have experience working with Python, JavaScript, TypeScript, Web Development (Fast API, Flask/Flask-RESTful, Django/Django REST Framework, React JS, Redux), Mobile Development (React Native), Natural Language Processing (NLP), and computer simulation of verbal communication.

Vitaly B.
$30/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Python Pandas
  • Data Science
  • Data Scraping
  • Python Scikit-Learn
  • TensorFlow
  • Python Script
  • Selenium
  • Image/Object Recognition
  • Scrapy

Hello! I'm Python Developer and Data Scientist. Deep interest in Machine learning, Data Science, NLP, AI and NN. A graduate of Aerospace University with a degree in IT security. Over 10 years experience in IT technologies. Always available for support after the release of the product. Services Provided: - Python Programming - Pandas Work - Data Conversion (Excel to CSV, PDF to Excel, CSV to Excel, Audio) - Data Mining - Data Extration - ETL Data Transformation - Data Cleansing - OCR (Optical Character Recognition w/ Tesseract) - Linux Server Administration - Machine Learning Models Building

Malik Z.
$10/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Odoo
  • Server
  • NGINX
  • Plesk
  • API
  • Data Migration
  • PostgreSQL
  • Database

I am odoo open erp active developer. Odoo is frame work which handles business requirements such as purchase, sales, account, inventory, point of sales, HR and much more for fulfilling the daily routines of the business. My experience ranges from customization to module development and reports. Plus i have also been entrusted for setting up odoo environment on server for different companies. It's important to me to build long term relationships with clients, so I'm primarily looking for effective projects which will more enhance my career and growth. I look forward to hearing from you

Mateus P.
$50/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • API Integration
  • App Development
  • CSS
  • Ecommerce Platform Development
  • HTML
  • JavaScript
  • JSON
  • MySQL
  • PHP
  • Responsive Design
  • UI/UX Prototyping
  • Web Development
  • Zapier

If you or your company have an app or website idea or issue, I'm here to support you through the entire process from conception until the maintenance. Exactly, it doesn't mind the size of your need, and I'm here to help you using all of my experience and knowledge in platforms like Bubble.io. For me, the most crucial thing will be the trust relationship we will establish during the job. You can count on a person compromised with delivery time, focused on problem-solving, and making user-friendly interfaces (UI / UX) and working well. I've been working with IT for more than 25 years, own Bachelor's Degree in Business Management and MBA in...

Jan Earvin G.
$25/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • JavaScript
  • CSS
  • Django
  • HTML
  • NGINX
  • Ubuntu
  • AngularJS
  • REST
  • Responsive Web Design

I am working as a programmer, my skills includes developing Web applications using Python language and Django Web Framework. Comfortable in Agile development (Scrum). I am easy to work with, open minded and is very flexible with any timezone. I am currently available to work on cool projects right now :)

Don B.
$60/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • PHP
  • JavaScript
  • Docker
  • Laravel
  • Django
  • Plugins for Wordpress
  • Git
  • NGINX
  • eCommerce

I work well in a variety of settings, I've designed and built bespoke eCommerce systems from scratch, I've worked within and extended open source applications and frameworks and have extensive experience supporting/extending/modernising bespoke legacy systems. I'm happy to work to the highest coding standards but can also work within deadlines and budgets and will help you find the right balance for your project. I'm comfortable taking the lead in planning and architecting your system, building smaller modules to spec if that's what's required, or debugging and upgrading your existing infrastructure.

Finian C.
$150/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Amazon MWS
  • API
  • RESTful API
  • React Native
  • API Integration
  • Desktop Application
  • React
  • Web Development
  • Web Application
  • Database Development
  • JavaScript
  • Node.js
  • HTML
  • MongoDB

Hi there! I'm a full stack developer, mainly focused on the backend, with over 8 years of experience in Node.js, Javascript, HTML, Python, and CSS. I've personally created projects from scratch spanning over 500K lines of code, and I've developed mobile and complex web apps from scratch in as little as a few months. I'm constantly working on numerous side projects, which means I'm constantly introduced to dozens of languages and libraries. If your requested library isn't listed below - no problem. I can still get things done, fast. I'd love to take a look into your project! My top talents include, but are not limited to: * Node.js...

Artem V.
$90/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Algorithm Development
  • Forex Trading
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Cryptocurrency
  • Bot Development
  • Grafana

You have an idea of a trading system and you want to backtest or make it real. You need a guy who'd put it into the code and make all this technical stuff. So let me help you to earn money. I have experience in: - Crypto Trading bots, Market maker, Trend following, Arbitrage - Crypto exchanges API, Binance, Okex, Huobi, KuCoin, etc. - Stock Trading bots, Strategies based on Indicators - Brokers API, FXCM, TD Ameritrade - Telegram API / Email API for notification - Execute trading signals from Email or Telegram chat - Building a financial GUI, Grafana - Cloud servers, AWS, MS Azure, DigitalOcean - Python, Backend, Git !!Confidence...

David I.
$50/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • .NET Core
  • Scripting
  • SignalR
  • PostgreSQL
  • Vuetify
  • Vue.js
  • Web Scraper
  • JavaScript
  • Docker
  • Flask
  • MongoDB
  • Node.js
  • Scrapy

Icelandic programmer I can set up a .NET Core server for you, Store data in a PostgreSQL database, Write a web page using vue Set up self hosting solutions, such as redmine, onedrive and gitlab Create web scrapers with python Let me know what you need

Muhammad Hashir H.
$36/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • React Native
  • React
  • PHP
  • WordPress
  • iOS
  • Java
  • Django
  • Database Architecture
  • Google Analytics

With over 5 years of experience in the industry, I have done several apps on Django, ReactJS, and React Native frameworks with complex backends. Let's work if you are looking to get done anything from: - Django/Python - React JS - React Native - HTML/CSS/JavaScript - WordPress - Third-party services integrations

Auganbay R.
$22/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Telegram API
  • Docker
  • HTML
  • Flask
  • React
  • PostgreSQL
  • JavaScript
  • jQuery
  • Django
  • Beautiful Soup
  • Database
  • Scrapy
  • Selenium
  • Web Development

Python backend developer with more than 4 years experience. I have vast experience in building ecommerce sites, social media apps, blog, backoffice sites. Also implemented integrations with 3rd party services like Casino Game Providers, FB Graph and Instagram API, Payment gateways, etc. I participated in asynchronous Aiohttp project. Cover code with unit tests. Backend Skills: Python, Django, Django Rest Framework, aiohttp, asyncio, Flask, Celery, Redis, Docker, PostgreSQL, MySQL, GraphQL, Unit Testing, Node.js, Express.js. Frontend Skills: JavaScript, React.js, Redux, jQuery, CSS, Bootstap4. Also I have an experience in building Chat...

Konstantin M.
$30/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Django

I am developer with about 5 years experience in web development. My main area is building and architecture designing web application and RESTful API. I think that for productive development web application, web developer need to know full stack technology of the project. I am following this principle in my work and trying to dig into it. When anyone is writing bad code one little turtle is crying so I am trying not to do it. Core skills: Strong knowledge django/python Good knowledge JavaScript/AngularJS Experience of work with relational database MySQL, PostgreSQL, LiteSQL. Experience of work with Elasticsearch, Celery, Websocket....

Ravi G.
$60/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Odoo
  • JavaScript
  • Odoo Development
  • Odoo Administration
  • ERP Projects
  • ERP Software
  • eCommerce
  • Website Development
  • Point of Sale & Payment Systems

I am working with Odoo since version 5.0. Worked as a core framework team member at Odoo. I have 10+ years of experience in developing odoo modules and features. Very efficient at solving complex problems even framework level. I have strong expertise in: - Odoo javascript framework - Performance tuning and optimization - Customization of Odoo/OpenERP modules. Exploring DB to DOM using #python and #javascript

Yehor N.
$45/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Web Scraper
  • Data Mining
  • C++
  • C
  • English Spelling
  • Flask
  • Django

- Experienced Python developer - Expert in web scrapping and data mining (Python, Selenium, Scrapy) - Strong knowledge of C/asm/C++ programming languages (3+ year experience) - 2 years experience of websites development with different PHP frameworks

Shaun A.
$50/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • GIS
  • R
  • Geospatial Data
  • Remote Sensing
  • Data Analysis
  • SQL
  • Map
  • Mapbox
  • R Shiny
  • Cartography & Maps
  • Leaflet
  • QGIS
  • PostgreSQL
  • PostGIS

I am a Geographic Information System (GIS) professional, specialized at developing scripts and applications for processing, analyzing, and visualizing geospatial data. I work primarily with free and open source solutions such as GDAL/OGR, Python, R, QGIS, and PostGIS, and pride myself on attention to detail, problem solving ability, writing well documented and efficient code, and punctual delivery of results. I have an enthusiasm for finding intelligent solutions to geoprocessing and spatial analysis problems, and can rapidly resolve issues with complex workflows, ETL, and processing large datasets. With an academic background in ecology...

James W.
$50/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Selenium WebDriver
  • SQL
  • Technical Writing
  • Web Scraper
  • Selenium
  • Godot
  • Web Testing
  • Automation

Software QA automation expert. Skills include Web app testing automation(Selenium Webdriver), model building(sklearn, pandas), and web app development using Flask. In my free time, I develop games using Godot.

Aziz K.
$40/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Reverse Engineering
  • Website Security
  • Web App Penetration Testing
  • Network Penetration Testing
  • Linux System Administration
  • Flask
  • Ansible
  • Docker
  • Security Engineering
  • API
  • C++
  • Encryption
  • Internet Security
  • Security Analysis

I'm an IT engineer with experience spanning over many disciplines from Software engineering and infrastructure to cybersecurity! I have years experience in designing software and breaking it, so if you need a software person, I'm your guy! I'm a team player but also independent and can work alone!

Pavneet S.
$45/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Cryptocurrency
  • REST
  • Blockchain
  • Bitcoin
  • Ethereum
  • Solidity
  • Node.js
  • FinTech Consulting

I am an expert at developing tech strategies and models for blockchain and crypto solutions across exchanges with as little latency as possible. I have also work with numerous 3rd Party integrations for similar projects in the crypto space. These are my roles & accomplishments - Implement crypto currency payment integration - Development of crypto exchanges trading solutions - Create bots and trading strategies - Creation of DEX Trading Platform - Create/implement smart contract. - Web3 frontend implementation. - Trading bots and solutions - Hands-on experience with trading system development: linking exchanges, data management and...

Guilherme Henrique L.
$40/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Django
  • Flask
  • SQLAlchemy
  • PostgreSQL
  • RESTful API
  • Git
  • Scrum
  • MySQL
  • Test-Driven Development

IT professional with over 8+ years of experience in software development with 6+ years as a Python Developer. Used to the StartUp's fast delivering pace, specialized in back-end development. Highly familiar with business requirements analysis and modeling. Very committed to the project and always trying to push the team to move forward with good communication.

David R.
$150/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • PostgreSQL
  • Django
  • GraphQL
  • UX Design
  • Single Sign-On
  • JavaScript
  • Golang
  • React
  • TypeScript
  • HTML5
  • Website Development

I'm a full-stack engineer with many years experience in large companies, small companies, and building sites by myself for clients. My services include but are not limited to: - Consultation to discuss architecture and design of your project. - Interviewing other engineers you are considering hiring. - Tutoring in many web development topics. - Pair programming. - Building and deploying a new custom web application from scratch. - Adding new features or fixing bugs in existing web applications. - Design mocks and prototypes of what you hope to build, using Figma. - Planning and/or implementing a database architecture (or changes to the...

Usama A.
$60/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • iPhone App Development
  • Mobile UI Design
  • Android App Development
  • Angular
  • Ionic Framework
  • HTML
  • CSS
  • Vue.js
  • PHP
  • MongoDB
  • Node.js
  • React Native
  • React
  • Django

Looking for Blockchain Developers, AR/VR Developers & Quality Software Engineer you have landed correctly so far. I am a professional Software Engineer who has an experience of about 10 Years of development. During my career I have enabled my customers to produce great products, delivered various product releases on time. I got an exposure of International Clients from various regions that starts from North American region to Europe, UK and then all the way back to GCC countries. If you are looking for Mobile Application & Web Application Development services we will be the right team for that particular service. We've always been a part...

Vishal L.
$21/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Web Scraper
  • API
  • Microsoft Azure
  • Automation

Hello, I am a dedicated and passionate developer who can efficiently write scripts for you that could extract thousands of data records from almost any website. Here's what I specialize in: Web Scraping Web Automation Extracting data through APIs And other programming related scripts The tools I use include: Python Selenium Bs4 Request modules API Client library My goal is to contribute 100% satisfaction to my clients. I make it my mission to anticipate my client's unspoken needs and attempt to deliver on them. Thanks for taking the time to read my profile. If you feel I can fit into your requirements, please send me a message to...

Nishant S.
$15/hr
  • Trophy Icon Python
  • Java
  • Erlang
  • Google Closure
  • JavaScript
  • Android
  • C
  • C++
  • C#
  • SQL

I am expert in Object Oriented Programming and have been doing it from past 7 years. I am interested to work in the desktop and web application. I like to work with new technologies. Skills: Programming Languages: Java, C, C++, C#, HTML, SQL, Python, JavaScript, ASP, Visual Basic, CSS,Closure,Erlang,Octave Tools: Eclipse, Visual Studio, Matlab Studio, Expression Studio, Adobe Photoshop, CodeVisionAVR, Android Studio, Netbeans, BlueJ Frameworks and Libraries: NET 4.0, AngularJS, Java JDBC, OpenCV Platforms: Windows, Android, UNIX, Ubuntu

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Python: A Powerful Language for High-Traffic, Data-Heavy Apps

Python is a widely used, general-purpose, high-level back-end programming language that’s highly valued by startups who need to quickly prototype and develop applications, as well as data-driven companies that need to integrate data analysis and statistical techniques into their workflows.

Its combination of readability, flexibility, and suitability to data science operations have made Python one of the most popular and beloved languages according to developers on Stack Overflow. In this article, we’ll explore what sets Python apart from other programming languages, why it’s popular with data scientists, and what you should look for in a Python engineer.

High-level, readable, and efficient

One of Python’s defining characteristics is its efficiency. Every programming language has to balance the programmer’s time and the machine’s resources. Python is biased toward the former, with a guiding philosophy that comes down to “there should be one—and preferably only one—obvious way to do something.” That can mean there’s a bit of a learning curve as developers learn the ins and outs of Python syntax, but the upside is that developers can do more with fewer lines of code compared to more lower-level implementation languages like Java or C++. This efficiency is especially valuable for startups who need to quickly prototype applications and get them to market.

Python is also famous for its code readability, meaning that an application written by a developer in Python is more likely to be intelligible to the developers who have to maintain it months and years down the line.

Beloved by data scientists

Along with R and Java, Python is one of the most popular languages for data science and statistical analysis. For data scientists, Python combines Java’s suitability for building high-traffic web applications with R’s focus on executing complex statistical functions.

Another one of Python’s strongest assets is its extensive set of libraries. These libraries can make it easier for developers to perform complex machine learning or statistical analysis tasks without having to rewrite many lines of code. Some of the most popular libraries include tools for data manipulation and visualization (NumPy, SciPy, and matplotlib), data mining and Natural Language Processing (Pattern, NLTK). Perhaps unsurprisingly, Python is the language of choice for organizations with data-heavy workflows, from YouTube to the New York Stock Exchange to the National Web Service.

Python basics

  • It’s object-oriented.
  • It’s cross-platform, working on Linux, Windows, Mac, and most other operating systems.
  • Python’s standard library supports:
    • HTML & XML
    • JSON
    • E-mail processing
    • HTTP Server libraries, easy for developing servers, and support for FTP, IMAP, and other Internet protocols
  • It’s free and supported by an active open-source community.
  • It’s often substituted for PHP in the LAMP software stack.

The Python developer’s toolbox

What should you look for in a Python engineer? Experience on large-scale, high-traffic applications is at the top of the list, along with fluency in SQL and database optimization. Common duties and core skills of Python developers include modular programming, object-oriented programming, and extensive experience with SQL.

A guide to Python web frameworks

Full-stack or microframework?

One of your main considerations in choosing a framework should be the size and complexity of your project. If you’re trying to get a feature-rich web app that will integrate with the rest of your organization’s systems, then a full-stack option could potentially save your team lots of time and effort. If, on the other hand, you’re working on a small, relatively simple project with few requirements, then a microframework might have everything you need.

A related question is how much “scaffolding” you need from a framework. A full-stack option should have just about everything you need to actually build a functioning web app–form generators, templating, access control lists, etc–so your team can assemble the pieces as needed. This is an attractive option for teams that are trying to get a product together quickly because it allows them to focus on actually building the app and not the stuff that goes around it. But if you have complex custom requirements or are working with a lot of customized software already, you may not be able to take advantage of all those libraries in the first place.

Full-stack options

There are a bunch of full-stack options when it comes to Python frameworks. Some prominent examples include TurboGears 2, Pylons, and Web2py. That said, the most popular option, by far, is Django.

Django is the most popular Python framework around, and it’s easy to understand why. Thousands of websites are currently using Django, from daily newspapers to social media and sharing sites to major foundations and nonprofits. Since Django was originally developed for use in the newsroom, it’s no surprise that major daily publications like the Washington Post and The Guardian rely on it. Startups like Eventbrite and Disqus have turned to Django to scale quickly, while social media behemoths like Instagram and Pinterest have used it to power their dynamic web apps.

As a framework, Django is known for being fast to build and friendly to beginning programmers. It’s a “batteries included” framework, meaning it supplies all the critical components you need–template rendering, ORM, authentication, routing, etc. It’s also exceedingly well-documented, which isn’t necessarily the case with some other popular frameworks.

By taking care of a lot of decisions, Django can dramatically speed up the time it takes to bootstrap a new project. What you gain in speed, though, you may lose in long-term flexibility. For example, Django’s built-in ORM is considered fine for a majority of cases, but it’s not as powerful an ORM as SQLAlchemy, which is widely viewed as the best Python database abstraction tool. While you can theoretically use SQLAlchemy with Django, you’ll lose a lot of the functionality that makes Django so appealing to begin with.

Web2py is another popular full-stack framework. One thing to keep in mind about Web2py is that it doesn’t support Python 3. The original developer of Web2py has promised a Python 3-compatible successor, but as of 2017 it hasn’t appeared.

Despite now being nearly a decade behind the latest version of Python, Web2py is still used by many major organizations, including a number of international banks. What makes this older framework still appealing for many developers? For one, it’s as easy to learn as Django, but also more flexible and extremely portable. The same code can run on just about any VPS with a SQL database or MongoDB, whether AWS or Google App Engine.

Web2py is extremely well supported with book-length documentation and a passionate community behind it. Another neat feature is that Web2py comes with its own IDE that includes a code editor, debugger, bug ticketing system, one-click deployment, and more. If your organization is committed to Python 2 for the foreseeable future or you plan to make use of some older Python libraries and software, then Web2py could suit your needs just fine.

Pyramid isn’t technically a full-stack framework. It instead bills itself as the “Goldilocks” framework, feature-rich without enforcing one way of doing things, lightweight without leaving you on your own as your app grows. It’s a favorite framework among many experienced Python developers thanks to its modularity and transparency, and has been used by small teams as well as tech giants like Dropbox, Yelp, SurveyMonkey, and Mozilla.

Practically speaking, nearly all of Pyramid’s components can be swapped out. You can choose how you connect to a database, or even what type (or types) of databases you want to be able to connect to. It doesn’t enforce certain choices for you the way Django does, and it also discourages the sort of “magic” features that handle certain tasks automatically but don’t always behave in a predictable or desirable manner.

Pyramid is often celebrated for its security system, which makes it easy to set up and check access control lists. Another point worth calling out is Pyramid’s Traversal system for mapping URLs to code, which can make building RESTful APIs much easier.

Microframeworks

What if you don’t need the hand-holding or complexity of a full-stack framework? Many modern web apps require lots of moving parts, including database abstraction, form validation, and customized access control lists. But there are also plenty of web apps that don’t need any of that. For those kinds of projects, a microframework may be just what’s needed.

These ultra-lightweight frameworks are designed to get dead simple web apps up and running as quickly as possible. Their feature sets are minimal by design–anything functionality you could get by installing another library is deliberately left out. The plus side of this minimalist approach is that your code can be cleaner and your website faster. This is at least partly because microframeworks are generally less abstracted than full-stack frameworks. The code you write will be much closer to actual HTTP functions than with a more beginner-friendly framework.

Flask is probably the most popular microframework for Python, and one of the most popular Python frameworks, period. Like Django, it’s designed to get web apps up and running as quickly and painlessly as possible. Despite its small size, Flask has been used by big companies, including LinkedIn and Pinterest.

However, there’s a twist, which is that Flask is definitely suited to smaller, simpler projects than Django. Out of the box, you can expect a development web server, built-in unit testing, and support for Google App Engine. Now here’s a taste of what you won’t find in vanilla Flask: There’s no database abstraction layer, form validation, authentication, or upload handling, though all these features can be added through extensions. Some of the more common setups include Jinja2 for templating and CouchDB or SQLAlchemy for the database.

Some Python developers prefer Flask to Django because Flask is more “pythonic,” in that it mostly sticks to the Python mantra of there being one way to do something and that code should be explicit about what it’s doing. If you value clean code and don’t mind coding closer to the metal, then Flask may be a good option.

Bottle is another popular microframework. It was originally designed for building web APIs, and that’s still a good use case for it. What’s novel about Bottle is it tries to implement everything in one single file, which should give you an idea of how “micro” it’s designed to be. Out of the box it comes with routing, templating, utilities, and some basic abstraction over the WSGI standard. As with Flask, you’ll be coding much closer to the metal than with a full-stack framework. Despite its small size, Bottle has been used by the Netflix team to build web interfaces.

Python vs. Ruby

First, the similarities

Both are high-level, server-side scripting languages focusing on simplicity and prioritizing rapid development—getting things done fast, in fewer lines of code. These scripts eschew verbose code, strict hierarchy, and syntax correctness for more behind-the-scenes, object-oriented logic.

They’re used by entrepreneurs and startups alike to rapidly whip up web apps and prototypes, thanks to standard libraries, persistence support, and feature-packed frameworks—Python’s Django framework, and Ruby’s Ruby on Rails. Both are interpreted scripting languages, which means they don’t require a compiler like Scala or C++ do. Compiled languages tend to run faster, though. Rule of thumb? What you get in speed of development, you lose in runtime speed.

Now, let’s dive into their differences, starting with Ruby.

Ruby & the Ruby on Rails framework

Created in 1995, Ruby is object-oriented to its core, influenced by languages like C++, Perl, and Java. Here’s a look at Ruby, a language that’s ideal for collaboration, speed, and businesses that want a programming language that thinks as fast as they do.

Preferred for: Web development, functional programming

Philosophy: “Do more with less.” Developer freedom and flexibility, and more than one way to do things—something it inherited from Perl

Why developers love Ruby: Loose and creative coding, frequent updates, freedom and flexibility, and readable code that’s never confusing

Python & the Django framework

Python is all about efficiency and supporting calculation-heavy applications used in the fields of data and science. Along with its Django framework, Python enables super fast development.

Preferred for: Academic and scientific programming. Python has a slew of libraries for data work.

Philosophy: “One right way to do things”

Why developers love Python: Stability over change, conservative code, fewer updates

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